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We do not offer tins as a complete catalogue, for we have merely tried to indicate 
some works of the most celebrated painters in the Ancient Schools; and in the 
Modern, to point out those pictures which, from their subject, seem most likely 
to interest the working classes. We have specially marked pictures relating to 
foreign countries, believing that to those who never travel, views of foreign towns, 
illustrations of foreign manners, and representations of natural scenery, have a 
peculiar value, independent of their merit as works of art. 

We will suppose that our visitor, having entered either at the general entrance 
or by the railway corridor, has walked through the nave, and stands near the large 
group of statuary facing the organ. Now turn into Saloon A, on your left. In this 
room, on the west wall, — that is, on either side of the doorways — are the oldest 
paintings: the very oldest in the right hand comer. A man who looks at them for 
the first time, if he do not feel inclined to laugh and pass them by, may, at any 
rate, wonder why they are here, and what they mean. Art was in its infancy when 
they were produced, and the men living at that time thought much of these strange 
quaint pictures. They were painted for the adornment of churches, and represent 
cither Bible subjects, or are illustrations of Catholic legends about saints and martyrs. 

Here we must pause a little, and think what in those days was the relation of 
the church to the world. 

In the first place, there were no books — printing was not invented; and, though 
there were written volumes and manuscripts of various kinds, they belonged only 
to the very rich, and were never seen by the people. Hence, we see that men were 
without what forms now their chief means of education. They were consequently 
more dependent on their priests, and on whatever appealed to their own eyes, such as 
pictures or religious ceremonies. The church was the great instrument of 
education, and every art of the Christianised world — music, poetry, painting, archi- 
tecture, had its rise in the church. Even the theatre sprangfrom the same source — 
the earliest acted plays were representations of the events of the New Testament, or 
of traditionary stories of martyrs and saints. These same traditionary stories furnish 
subjects for many of the pictures. 

We have said there were no printed books, and we can fancy how a story told 
from one generation to another, heard perhaps by the child on its father's knee, 
and then by him remembered and repeated, would be changed by forgetfulness, 
tin til, what with alterations and additions, little trace of the original facts remained. 

In these miracles, or mysteries, as the sacred plays were called, it was not un- 
usual to introduce Christ — or even to personate God himself. We see the same 
thing in the early paintings. The Father and the Son are often painted among the 
olouds, with angels round them, or as sitting on thrones to judge. 

We must not be shocked at these thing? now, although they seem stra7ige to us. 
We are not shocked at efforts made by a child to grasp the moon, though we have 
learned how far away it is. So with our religion, the more we know of earth and its 
wonders, the more we feel the vastness of the things unknown, or known only to our 

Looking at the early pictures, then, in a spirit of calm and loving inquiry, we 
may learn much from them. We must recognise as fully as we can the real religious 
feeling of the men who painted them, and we may rest assured that by every earnest 
work the human race are bettered. Much of the stiffness of these very early pictures 
results from the idea that there were particular attitudes in which saints and apostles 
should be placed. 

Certain colours, too, had certain meanings. White was the emblem of purity ; 
blue, of divine truth ; red, of divine love. Hence we find these colours worn by the 
Saviour and the Virgin Mary. The Virgin Mary was constantly painted in those 
days. People had learned to fear God more than to love Him, and because religion 
cannot be all fear, they worshipped the Virgin Mary, and made her as beautiful as 
they could, with the infant Christ in her arms, and thought she would inteicede for 
them. She is called Madonna, from an Italian word, meaning Lady. When a 
second child is added, it is John the Baptist. You will remark the gold circle round 
the heads in these early paintings. It was used by the heathens to adorn the 
.statues of emperors, and was adopted by Christian artists as a mark of digcity or 

There are many emblems introduced into religious pictures, as, for instance, a lily,whicl 
is the emblem of purity ; a skull, of penitence; a dragon, of sin, and so on. 

The first six pictures are by unknown 'have more ease and grace about them, 
painters, but | At the same time as Giotto, but a 

4. The Nativity. j another Italian town, Sienna, lived Ugolinc 

5. The Death of the Virgin. 
C. A Monastery on the White Sea. 
Are of the Byzantine school. Byzantium 
is the old name for Constantinople. 
7. A Triptych Cimabue 

Triptych means an altar-piece in three 
parts, made to close. 

The central subject is the Madonna and 
Child, enthroned and attended by angels. 
On the left, the Crucifixion, with the 
Madonna and St. John. On the right, St. 
Francis receiving the stigmata. 

Cimabue was born at Florence, in Italy, 
more than (100 years ago. Let us think 
what England was then. Henry III. was 
king, and in his reign we read of the first 
House of Commons. There was civil war, 
too, and Wales and Scotland had monarchs 
of their own. Well, Cimabue painted at 
this time, and he is called the father of 
Italian art. One of his pictures, still at 
Florence, won him so much honour that 
it was carried in a triumphal procession 
from his house to the church for which it 
was painted. His most celebrated pupil 
was Giotto. It is said that he was a poor 
shepherd boy, whom Cimabue discovered 
drawing a sheep upon a slate. Cimabue 
took him home, adopted him, and taught 
him how to paint. The shepherd boy be- 
came the friend of Dante, the great Italian 
poet. Princes were glad to employ him, 
and cities were proud to possess his works. 
He learned to excel his master. His figures 

and Simone Memmi. Bartolo di Fredi was 
rather later. 

24 Three Women and a Child Giottc \ 

26 The Crucifixion , do 

29 Wing of an Altar Piece — The Agony— 

and Pilate washing his Hands Giottc 

30 The Last Supper do 

34 Coronation of the Virgin do 

35 Adoration of the Kings. Bartolo diFredi 

25 The Last Supper U. da Sienna 

25a The Betrayal do 

25b The Flagellation (or Scourging) do 
25c The Procession to Calvary .... do 
25d The taking down from the Cross do 

25e The Entombment do 

25f The Besurrection do 

37 Christ Returning to his Parents 

Simone Memmi 
Justus da Padua and Taddeo Gaddi were I 
both scholars of Giotto. Taddeo was born 
in the year 1300, and we hear that Giotto | 
held him at the baptismal font. He became 
his favourite pupil. 

38 A Triptych in numerous compartments, 

containing in the centre the corona- 
tion of the Virgin Justus da Padua \ 

43 A small Coronation of the Virgin Taddeo] 
47 Small Altar Piece with wings. In thes 
centre, the Crucifixion; on the right, the 
Nativity ; on the left, the Virgin, enthroned i 
and surrounded by saints ...Taddeo Gaddi 
Taddeo Gaddi was also an architect, and 
built a bridge, which still spans the river | 
Arno at Florence. 


48 His Own Portrait Massaccio 

Remark this picture. Massaccio is con- 
sidered to have done a great deal lor the 
advancement of art. Little is known about 
his life, except that he seems to have 
neglected everything in order to devote 
himself to painting. 

In 1387 was born Angelico da Fiesole. 
He was a pious, earnest, pure minded man, 
whose life seems to have been one long 
religious thought. He entered a monastery 
in early life, when he might have been rich 
and at ease. He never painted for money, 
and never began a picture without prayer. 
It is said that he always painted the 
Madonna on his knees, and that he never 
altered what he had done, because he 

believed his work was executed as an in- 
spired duty. We like to look at his pic- 
tures, both for their graceful beauty, and 1 
because they are the handiwork of a man 
who lived a holy life. 
52 The Virgin and Child enthroned. 

Fra (or Friar) Angelico 

54 St. Peter restoring Tabitha. 

Sano di Pietro 

55 David standing with the Sling Pollajuolo 

56 Holy Family Lorenzo di Credi 

57 Holy Family Andrea Verrocchio 

58 The* Last Judgment Fra Angelica 

59 Entombment of the Virgin do 
63 Head of our Saviour do 

Fra Filippo Lippi was also a monk, but 
of a very different character from Angelico. 


We are told that he was once enjoying a 
sail with some friends, when they were 
attacked hy pirates, and carried off as 
slaves to Barbary, in Africa. After being 
there in chains for eighteen months, 
Filippo one day drew a likeness of his 
master on the wall with a piece of coal, 
rhis pleased the Moor so much, that, after 
he had painted several pictures, he gave 
lim ric hpresents and set him free. 

35 The Nativity Fra Filippo Lippi 

fl St. Peter and St, John healing 

the Lame Man do 

J5 Holy Family Granacci 

17 Virgin adoring the Infant Saviour lying 

among roses Sandro Botticelli 

1% Adoration of the Kings do 

f9 Virgin and Child Enthroned. — Two 

Angels Adoring Granacci 

30 Madonna and Child Enthroned — St. 

Peter receiving the Keys — other Saints 
standing around (Venetian School) 

31 The Baptism of Christ F. Francia 

The painter, Francesco Francia, was con- 

;emporary with Perugino, who was the 
naster of Baphael. He was originally a 
goldsmith, and is believed to have turned 
lis attention to painting rather late in life. 
Pietro Perugino was born in the year 
1446, at Perugia, a town in the north of 
[taly. He was the son of a poor man, and 
ais early years were passed in penury and 
svant. He was early placed by his father 
as shop-drudge to a painter. His master, 
though himself not distinguished, vene- 
rated art, and encouraged the ambition of 
Pietro. The boy soon found his way to 
Florence, and devoted himself to painting. 
His pictures became celebrated, and are 
remarkable for gracefulness. We do not 
admire what we hear of his character : he 
seems to have been very avaricious, and, 
like all who are too fond of money, sus- 
picious of his fellow-men. He had many 
pupils, the greatest of whom was Baphael. 

33 Noli me Tangere (Touch me not) 


34 The Baptism do 

35 The Nativity do 

B6 The Besurrection do 

37 Christ and the Woman of Samaria do 

38 Madonna and Child' with St. John 

Peselli Pesello 

39 Christ on the Mount of Olives. .Bellini 

94 A dead Christ (Venetian Schoo\)Crivelli 

95 Christ on the Mount of Olives Mantegna 

100 The Virgin and St. John adoring th^ 
Infant Saviour Sandro BotticelV 

We are now come to the golden age of 
Italian art. Contemporary with Baphael- 
lived all the other greatest painters. 
Baphael was born in 1483, the same year 
as Martin Luther, the German reformer. 
When he was a little boy Columbus dis- 
covered America, which you will remember 
was in the reign of Henry VII. The lives 
of these Italian painters were written by a 
man named Vasari, who was himself a 
painter, and acquainted with painters, and 
seems to have had a true love for art. He 
tells us that Baphael possessed the power 
" of bringing all who approached his 
presence into harmony . . . every vile and 
base thought departing from the mind 
before his influence. All confessed, " he 
says, " the influence of his sweet and gra- 
cious nature, which was so replete with 
excellence, and so perfect in all the charities, 
that not only was he honoured by men, 
but even by the very animals, who would 
constantly follow in his steps, and always 
loved him." He died at the early age of 37. 

Fra Bartolommeo was Baphael's chosen 
friend. They painted pictures together, 
and exchanged instruction — Baphael teach- 
ing Bartolommeo the rules of perspective, 
and learning colouring from him in return. 

Leonardo da Vinci, born in 1452, was a 
man of great and varied talent. He was 
an excellent musician, a poet, a mechani- 
cian, and a painter. Perhaps with less 
genius he might have achieved more ; for 
he hurried from one work to another, and 
seldom finished anything. In person he is 
said to have been remarkably handsome 
and graceful, and in character high-spirited 
and generous. Vasari speaks of his extra- 
ordinary strength, and tells us that he 
" was able to bend one of the iron rings 
used for the knockers of doors, or a horse 
shoe, as if it were lead." He died in 
France, whither he had gone at the re- 
quest of King Francis I. 

Michael Angelo Buonarotti was born in 
1474. His talents were as varied as those 
of Leonardo. He was a man of strong and 
energetic character, and his works bear the 
impress of these qualities of mind. The 
last ten years of his life he devoted to the 
buildings of St Peter's Church, at Borne. 
He undertook this work without remunera^ 
tion, for th honour of God only; and it is 
much to be regretted that he did not live 
to complete it. He died at the advanced 

age of 88, a year before our own Shakspere 
•was born. Vasari, who was his pupil, says 
of him, " This master was certainly sent 
on the earth by God as an example for the 
men of our arts, to the end that they might 
profit by his walk in life, as well as learn 
from his works what a true and excellent 
artist ought to be. I, who have to thank 
God for an infinite amount of happiness, 
such as is rarely granted to those of our 
vocation, account it among the greatest of 
my blessings that I was bom while Michael 
Angelo still lived, was found worthy to 
have him for my master, and, being trusted 
by him, obtained him for my friend, as 
every one knows, and as the letters which 
he has written to me clearly prove." 

Corregio was another of the greatest 
painters living at this time. His works 
are distinguished by a peculiar power of 
light and shade, and a chaste delicacy of 
colouring. Vasari says of him : "Corregio 
was indeed a person who held himself in 
but very slight esteem ; nor could he even 
persuade himself that he knew anything 
satisfactorily respecting his art. Perceiving 
its difficulties, he could not give himself 
credit for approaching the perfection to 
which he would so fain have seen it car- 
ried. He was a man who contented him- 
self with very little, and always lived in the 
manner of a good Christian." 

We have now mentioned the most cele- 
brated painters of this period, but there 
are many others of great merit. 
104 St. Jerome in the Desert. 

Leonardo da Vinci 

There are so many pictures of this saint, 
that we must say a few words about him. 
He appears to have been born in Dalmatia, 
between three and four hundred years after 
Christ. He was clever and studious, and 
was sent to Eome to be educated. For a 
time he gave himself up to the pleasures of 
the world ; but about the age of thirty he 
embraced Christianity, became a monk, 
and travelled to the Holy Land, to dwell for 
a while amongst the scenes where Christ 
had lived. He retired to a desert, and there 
passed his days in penance, fasting, and 
prayer. His companions, he says, were scor- 
pions and wild beasts. After ten years' resi- 
dence in the east, he returned to Rome, and 
preached so eloquently that many Roman 
women were induced to give up their worldly 
possessions for the good of the poor, take 
a vow of chastity, and go about to nurse 
the sick. St. Jerome died in a monastery 

w T hich he had founded at Bethlehem, in 
Judea. He is generally painted either as a 
hermit praying, or occupied with his cele- 
brated translation of the Scriptures into 
Latin. The skull, as the emblem of peni- 
tence, lies near him. He is sometimes 
introduced into pictures in priest's robes, as 
one of the Fathers of the Latin Church. 
He then has a book or an emblematical 
church in his hand. 

107 Holy Family, with Four Angels Hold- 

ing Scrolls Michael Angela 

Two of the angels are unfinished, but 
the work is considered to be one of great 

108 Madonna and Child, with St. Joseph. 

Francesco Franc ia 

109 The Madonna and St. John Perugina 

116 St. Francis in the Desert . .(?. Bellini 
According to the legend, St. Francis 

dwelt at Assissi, a town of Italy. He was 
a man who, though not vicious, yet devoted 
his life solely to pleasure. One night, 
however, he beheld in a vision a suit of 
armour, every part of which was marked 
with a cross. He took this as a message? 
from heaven that he was to become a 
warrior, but in a second dream it was 
revealed to him that he was wanted as a 
soldier in the peaceful army of Christ ; so* 
he put on the monk's girdle and cowl r 
founded his order of Franciscan Friars, and 
devoted himself to doing good. After a 
while he retired to the dreary solitudes of 
the Apennines, and spent his days in 
penance, fasting, and prayer, till at length 
a seraph, descending from on high, im- 
pressed on his limbs and his side marks of 
the wounds of the Saviour, whereupon he- 
felt a beatitude far surpassing all earthly 
happiness. These marks are known as the 
" stigmata." 

117 Virgin and Child between St. Jerome 

and St. Peter Perugino 

118 Riposo (or Rest) . .Fra Bartolommea 
The holy family resting on their flight 

into Egypt. 

1 19 Holy Family Bernardino Luini 

120 St. Catharine. . . .Cima da Conegliano 
St. Catharine is one of the most cele- 
brated of female saints, and there is so 
much that is beautiful and poetical in the 
legend of her life, that we give a short 
account of it here. She was heiress to the 
throne of Egypt, and became queen at the 
age of fourteen. She loved not rank, nor 
splendour, but devoted herself to the study 
of philosophy. When her people saw this > 

they entreated her to choose a husband, to 
assist her in governing, and to lead them 
forth to battle. The young queen was 
troubled, and asked, " Where shall I find 
rne a husband such as I desire ? noble and 
of gentle birth he must be, so that I shall 
not think that I have made him king — 
rich, beautiful, and so benign, that he can 
gladly forgive all offences done unto him." 
Then said the people one to another, such 
a husband can we never find for her. But 
there was a holy hermit dwelling nigh, and 
to him came the Virgin Mary out of 
heaven, and said that the husband the 
young queen desired was Christ her son. 
The hermit told this to Catharine, and 
gave her a picture of the Virgin and her 
divine child. So Catharine forgot her 
studies in admiration of the picture. She 
placed it near her when she slept, and 
dreamed that with the hermit she journeyed 
to a mountain, where she saw angels, 
saints, and martyrs, and the Madonna, who 
led her to the presence of Christ the Lord. 
He turned away his head, and said, " The 
maid is not fair enough for me." And 
Catharine wept so bitterly that she awoke. 
She went once more to the holy hermit, and 
he, finding that she was a heathen, in- 
structed her in Christianity and baptised 
her. Again she had a dream of saints and 
angels ; again the Virgin led her to her 
son, and this time the child took her hand 
and smiled, and put a ring upon her finger. 
When Catharine awoke, lo ! the ring was 
there, and, remembering her dream, she 
renounced the splendours of the world, 
thinking only of the day when she should 
meet the Lord. Days of persecution came, 
Christians were barbarously tortured and put 
to death, and Catharine encouraged and 
strengthened them. At last it was decreed 
that she should be tied to four revolving 
wheels and her body torn in pieces ; but 
fire from heaven descended, and the exe- 
cutions s were destroyed, while she re- 
mained alive. But still the tyrants re- 
pented not ; she was taken outside the 
city, scourged with ' rods, and then be- 
headed. Angels took up her body and 
bore it to the top of Mount Sinai. 
123 The Crucifixion. — (Angels hover in 
the air. St. John and the Virgin 
stand on each siole. St. Jerome and 
the Magdalen kneel in front. ) Raphael 
Baphael is said to have painted this pic- 
! ture when he was 17 years of age. 
! 132 The Baptism Francesco Frawia 

133 Madonna and Child Raphael 

134 The Agony in the Garden ... do 

135 Madonna and Child. Leonardo da Vinci 
130 Madonna and Child Raphael 

137 Agony in the Garden do 

138 A Dead Christ on the Knees 

of the Virgin do 

141 Madonna and Child do 

14G St. Boch Francesco Francia 

147 The Legend of the Cintola (or Girdle) 
Raphael and Fra Bartolommeo 

149 Holy Family Raphael 

157 Marriage of St. Catharine. 

Fra Bartolommeo 
100 Portrait of Copernicus. 

RidoJfo Ghirlandajo 
This is a portrait of the Polish astrono- 
mer. After thirty years of patient watching 
and untiring thought, this man discovered 
the true motion of the earth and other 
planets. Before he lived it was believed 
that the sun moved round the earth, instead 
of the earth round the sun. We like to 
look at his face, and think how his life was 
devoted to the search after truth. 

161 The Holy Family, with St. John the 

Baptist Sebastian del Fiombo 

162 Joseph and his Brethren. 

Andrea del Sarto 

163 Joseph Discovering himself 

to his Brethren do 

165 The Magdalen Beading in the Desert. 


166 An Angel's Head do 

168 Virgin Kissing the Child do 

174 His Own Portrait.... Andrea del Sarto 

175 The Visitation, or Meeting between 

Mary and Elizabeth. 

Gandenzio Ferrari 

176 Conversion of St. Paul. 

Giulio Romano 
Giulio Bomano was the favourite pupil 
of Baphael. 

179 The Entombment .JDaniele daVolterra 

183 Portrait of Mona Lisa. 

Leonardo da Vinoi 
In order to give a pleasant expression 
to the face of this beautiful lady, Leonardo 
always kept some one near her while he 
was painting, to sing and play music, or to 
joke with and amuse her. 

184 Christ and the Woman of Samaria. 

Michael Angela 

185 Figures and Elephants. 

Giulio Romano 

186 The Scourging of Christ.— (A copy of 

a Fresco by Sebastian del Piornbo.) 

Marcelto yenvfU 


187 A " Silentium" (after Michael 

Angelo and Kaphael. ) 

Mar cello Venus ti 
Silentium is the name for a painting of 
the holy family, in which the Infant is 
represented as asleep^ and the Virgin 
silencing St. John. 

188 The Nativity Per ino del Fag a 

190 The Vision of St. Francis (painted on 

marhle.) Domenico Riccio 

193 The Baptism (St. John, holding across, 
kneels to take some water in a bowl. 

Two angels in the act of undressing 

the Saviour.) Battista Franco 

: See how much had been learned in art 
since Cimabue painted his quaint pictures. 
Mark especially how lovely and how natural 
are the children drawn by Raphael. We 
regret that none of his finest works are 
here. They are chiefly in his native Italy, 
but with so many other treasures before 
our eyes, we cannot fail gratefully to recog- 
nise the sublime powers of that genius with 
which some few of our race are endowed. 


When you have looked down this side of Saloon A, cross to the top on the other 
side, and you will find the old pictures of the German and Flemish schools. You 
will notice, if you think about it, a different type of face prevailing in these paintings, 
and a different style of landscape also, both resulting from the artist's birth and resi- 
dence in Holland or Germany, instead of Italy. At the time when the monk 
Angelico was painting reverently at Florence, lived at Ghent or Bruges, in Belgium, 
two brothers and a sister, all devoted to the same art,by name Van Eyck. The large 

375 The Adoration of the Lamb, &c, 
is unfortunately only a copy of the largest 
work of the brothers. You may trace in 
this wonderful picture the symbols of the 
creation, fall, and atonement. Many of the 
faces are very beautiful. 

378 The Entombment R. van der Weyden 

379 Presentation in the Temple. 

Master of the "Lyversberg" Passion 
381 A Priest Officiating . .J earn van Eyck 
386 An Altar-piece — the Virgin and Child 
with Saints . . ..Mattias Grunewald 
Hans Memling is another celebrated 
painter of the Flemish school. Not much 
is known about his life, but he is said to 
have come, a wounded soldier, to a hos- 
pital at Bruges, and, in gratitude for the 
care he received there, to have painted some 
beautiful pictures, which the monks still 
show with great pride and pleasure. The 
hospital remains unaltered, and is a curious 
old-world place. 

390 A Man Eating Porridge . . . .Memling 
393 Wing of an Altar Piece — A female 
kneeling, attended by her patron 

saint Memling 

397 A Triptych. — (In the centre the depo- 
sition from the cross ; on the wings, 
St. James of Compostella and St, 

Christopher.) Memling 

We are very fond of the parable of St, 
Christopher, and will insert it here. He 
was of the land of Canaan, a giant of 
mighty strength; and he made up his 
mind that he would serve only the great- 

est and mightiest sovereign. Flo went, 
therefore, to the court of a monarch whom 
men called the most powerful, and the 
monarch received him gladly. One day 
came a minstrel, and in his song was 
frequent mention of the Evil One; and 
when the king heard his name, he crossed 
himself. Christopher asked him wherefore 
he did this; and the king replied, " It is 
to save me from the power of Satan." 
" Thou fearest Satan ?" said the giant ; 
" he is greater, then, than thou art : him 
will I serve." So he departed. He 
journeyed far away and met a troop of 
armed men, and at their head was a ter- 
rible being, who asked him, "Whither 
goest thou ?" " I am seeking Satan," 
answered Christopher. " Behold, I am 
he." And the giant served a new master. 
Soon he found that Satan dared not pass 
a cross by the wayside, and he asked him 
why. Satan answered, " I fear Christ 
Jesus, who died upon the cross." So the 
giant found there was a greater monarch 
still, and he sought him far and wide. At 
last he asked a holy hermit : the hermit 
answered, "Duties many and hard will 
thy new master give thee, if thou nndest 
him: thou must fast." "Nay," said 
Christopher, "by so doing I should lose 
my strength." " Thou must pray." " Of 
prayers," answered Christopher, " I know 
nothing." " Then," said the hermit,. 
" fetch thyself a staff, and go to that river, 
and save all who struggle with the water." 


Christopher was content, and went to 
get his staff for the service. Day and night 
he was read}, bearing the weak upon his 
shoulders, and guiding the strong with his 
hand. He never wearied. And the Lord 
looked down from heaven, and said, " Be- 
hold, the man has found the way to serve 
me." And it came to pass one night, as 
Christopher was resting after his toil, that 
he seemed to hear a ^oice call " Christo- 
pher, carry me over;" but he saw nothing. 
Once more he heard the soft call of a child, 
"Christopher, carry me over to-night." 
Again he went forth, and, lo ! a child sat 
waiting on the river's bank. The giant 
placed him on his shoulder, and set out. 
The wind blew, the waters rose higher and 
higher, and the child grew so heavy that 
the strong man's strength well nigh failed 
him. But with his courageous heart and 
his trusty staff he reached the shore, 
f Who art thou, child : thou art heavy even 
as the world might be ?" And the child 
answered, " Thy service is accepted, 
Christopher; plant thy staff, and it shall 
bear leaves and fruit;" and then he va- 
nished. But Christopher knew that he had 
borne the Lord, and he fell on his face, for 
he had learned to worship now as well as 

402 Virgin and Child Hans Memling 

403 Companion picture to 393. A male 

figure attended by his patron saint. 

Hans Memling 
407 The Deposition (or taking down from 
the cross) 
Eogier van der Weyden the younger 
41 5 Adoration of the Kings 

Eogier van der Weyden 
422 A Card Party .. . .Lucas Van Ley den 
425 The Annunciation, The Espousals, 
The Nativity, and The Adoration. 

Hugo van der Goes 
430 The Descent from the Cross.. M abuse 

435 The Emperor Maximilian, Grand- 

father of Charles V. 

Lucas van Leyden 

436 The Adoration of the Kings .. Mabuse 
This is one of the most celebrated pic- 
tures in the exhibition, and belongs to Lord 
Carlisle. When we examine the beauty of 
all the minor details, we can easily imagine 
that it is truly said to have occupied the 
painter seven years. Mark the quiet reve- 
rence for the new-born babe, expressed 
alike in the countenances of princes and 

438 Portrait of an Ecclesiastic Mabuse 

430 St. Ursula G. V. Heemsen 

This saint was a British Princess, who, 
according to the legend, set sail with 11,000 
Virgins to teach Christianity to Pagan 
nations. They -were carried by tempests 
up the Rhine to Cologne, and there slaugh- 
tered by the barbarous Huns. Their skulls 
are still to be seen in a church in that 

440 Madonna and Child, with Saints. 

Albert Durer 

44p The Misers Quentin Matsys 

This is a well-known picture, and is 
lent, among many others, by the Queen. 
It tells its own tale. The man who looks 
laughing in your face, has sold that jewel 
to the other, who, afraid of paying even a 
copper too much, is calculating very exactly 
its value, before he puts another coin 
down. This Quentin Matsys was a smith, 
born at Antwerp, in 1460. We are told 
that he loved a painter's daughter, whose 
father said he would bestow her hand on 
none save a painter like himself. So Quen- 
tin, brave in heart and true in love, set to 
work, became a painter, won the lady, and 
made himself a name. 

450 St, Christopher Hans Memling 

452 His own Portrait... Lucas van Leyden 

455 The Last Supper Old German 

456 St. Jerome Lucas van Leyden 

458 St. Jerome do 

462 His Father Albert Durer 

This painter was born at Nuremberg, in 

Germany. We read that he visited Italy, 
and became the friend of Raphael. It .must 
have been a pleasant thing, when travelling 
was slow, difficult, and dangerous, for these 
two men to meet and talk of art. 

463 The Elector of Saxony, Luther, and 

the Reformers Lucas Cranach 

471 Henry VIII Hans Holbein 

King Henry appointed Holbein to be his 

476 St. Christopher Joachim Patenter 

492 Erasmus (copy from Holbein.) 

G. Pentz 

Erasmus was a celebrated scholar, and a 
friend of Luther. 

499 Portrait of Francis I .Holbein 

This was the king who sent for Leonardo 
da Vinci to France. 

503 Queen Mary Sir Antonio More 

508 Deposition, Luis de Morales 

(Spanish master.) 

509 Edward VI Guillim Stretes 

512 Philip II. of Spain Sir A. More 

513 His own Portrait ....... do 


At the lower end of Saloon A, you enter this Vestibule, which is filled with' 
Italian and early Spanish pictures, 

195 St. Peter, St. Paul, St. Jerome. .Vasari 

198 An Old Man at an Anvil Moroni 

199 Cardinal Pole Perino del Vaga 

This cardinal was sent by the pope as 

legate to England, at the accession of 
Mary, in order to reconcile his native 
country to the see of Eome, after the 
Protestant reign of Edward VI. 

201 Descent from the Cross. 

Daniele da Volterra 

202 Two Cupids carrying a Third. 

204 Marriage of St. Catharine. 

Bernardino Luini 

209 St. Catharine and Angels. do 

210 The Emperor Charles V. Parmigiano 
Charles V. inherited the crown of Spain 

in 1516, and was elected Emperor of Ger- 
many in 1519. Francis I. of France, also 
preferred claims to the empire, and as 
Henry VIII. of England favoured first one 
rival and then the other, Europe was kept 
in perpetual warfare. There are few epochs 
in history more full of stirring interest 
than this, and we recommend Robertson's 
History of Charles V. to all who have not 
read it. The great monarch, wearied of 
the cares of government, and worn out by 
bodily suffering, abdicated in the 56th year 
of his age. He retired to a monastery in 

Spain, and devoted his time to mechanical 
experiments and religious observances. 

212 Holy Family Andrea del Sarto 

216 His own Portrait El Mudo 

El Mudo was a Spanish painter, and was 
deaf and dumb. He studied in the princi- 
pal schools of Italy. 
218 Adoration of the Shepherds. 

Dosso Dossi I 

230 The Artist and his Wife. 

Francisco de Ribalta 

231 Holy Family . . . ~ ...Andrea del Sartc j 

234 His Daughter El Greco j 

235 Virgin and Angels worshipping the 

Infant Saviour ... Gaudenzio Ferrari 
337 Sacrifice of a Goat to Jupiter. 

Giulio Romano j 

238 St. Peter Herreral 

Herrera was a Spanish painter, born in j 
1576, and was the master of Velasquez. 
240 Virgin and Child adored by Saints 

Luis de Vargas 
Vargas was also a Spanish painter, and 
led such an austere life, that he prepared 
himself for work by scourging himself, 
and kept a coffin near him, in which he laid 
down every now and then, to remind him 
of death. 

242 Assumption of the Virgin 

Ann ib ale Caracci 


Most people have heard of Venice, the city of the waters, where there are nd 
carriage ways, but only footpaths and broad canals, and where, now-a-days, if you are I 
asked to get into an " omnibus," behold, it is a great boat, which takes you and youn 
luggage through the silent watery streets to your hotel. You never see a horse in 
Venice. If you cannot walk, you must go to the nearest stand and call a gondola or 
boat, which is moved gaily along by a man with one oar, who turns you sharp round 
the corners of the houses with a peculiar call, to warn other gondoliers that you are 
coming, and do not wish to run against them. In this wonderful Venice, a city oi 
palaces, dwelt Titian. He was born 1477, and lived to be 99 years old. He was con- 
temporary with Michael Angelo and Raphael. His finest works are in Venice still, but 
there are some beautiful ones here. Begin on the South Side. 

247 The Supper at Emmaus Titian 

218 David and Goliath . . . .Domenichino 

250 Ignatius Loyola Titian 

This is a portrait of the founder of the 
order of the Jesuits. These monks, instead 
of living in cloisters, travelled from country 
to country, in order to increase by every 
means the powerandauthority of the Pope. 

252 The Daughter of Herodias with the 

Head of St. John Giorgioiu 

253 A Music Party do 

257 Portrait of Ariosto (The Italian poet) 


260 The Dog of Charles V do 

263 Portrait of a Girl Making Lace . . do 
271 The Adoration of the Shepherds do 

274 The Nine Muses Tintoretto 

Tintoretto was at one time a pupil of 
Titian. His works show great power of 

270 The Rich Man and Lazarus. .Bassano 

277 Titian's Daughter Titian 

278 Marriage of St. Catharine .... do 
271) Sketch for the Large Picture in Spain 

known as the Glory of Titian Titian 
Paolo Veronese was another painter of 
this period who lived much at Venice. 

280 Marriage of St. Catharine 

Paolo Veronese 

281 Philip II. of Spain Titian 

Son of Charles V., and husband of Mary, 

queen of England. 

282 Expulsion of the Money Changers 

Paolo Veronese 
289 A Rich Wooded Landscape ..Titian 
293 Virgin and Child with Saints Bonifazio 

299 Virgin and Child Worshipped by Saints 

Palma Vecchio 

300 Portrait of a Senator Tintoretto 

301 A Riposo Titian 

304 Rebecca at the Well ...Paolo Veronese 

305 Adoration of the Shepherds 

Palma Vecchio 

306 The Magdalen Anointing the Feet of 

the Saviour Paolo Veronese 

307 Portrait of a Doge Tintoretto 

310 The Three Maries . .Annibale Caracci 
This picture is considered one of the 

finest in the Exhibition. It belongs to 
Lord Carlisle. The painter was born in 
15G0, and was the son of a tailor living at 
Bologna, in Italy. He died in 1609, when 
James I. was king of England. His works 
are very unequal ; and art was fast de- 
clining in Italy at this time. No man had 
genius to surpass the great painters who 
lived at the end of the fifteenth and be- 
ginning of the sixteenth centuries, and 
those who succeeded them began to work 
in a spirit of rivalry and imitation — seek- 
ing their own fame. Thus it seems as if 
their pictures want the earnestness, sim- 
plicity, and truth which spring up only 
beneath the brush of a man whose hands 
are the ministers of a faithful and unselfish 
heart, desiring not its own glory, but the 
glorification of God by work. 

311 The Assumption of the Virgin 

Guido Reni 

312 Landscape, with the Sacrifice of Isaac 


313 Landscape, with the Tempta- 

tion of Christ do 

314 Esther before Ahasuerus ... do 

325 Madonna and Child adored by saints 
Lodovico Caracci 

330 A Riposo Albani 

334 St. Agnes Dominicliino 

337 Grand Landscape do 

338 David and Abigail Guido Reni 

339 Head of the Saviour; .... do 

341 St. John the Evangelist Domenichino 

342 A Butcher's Shop, containing Portraits 

of the Caracci Family A. Caracci 

This is a strange and disagreeable pic- 
ture for the painter of the Three Maries 
to have painted. Yet, if the following story 
be true, it has a certain interest: — "Ludo- 
vico Caracci was the son of a butcher, 
Annibale and Agostino the sons of a tailor. 
Ludovico was very proud, and was often 
annoyed with Annibale, who was fond of 
alluding to the lowness of their origin. To 
mortify this pride, Annibale painted the 
portraits of the family in a butcher's shop, 
and showed the picture for the first time 
to Ludovico, when in company with the 
Cardinal Farnese. Annibale is the butcher 
weighing some meat for Ludovico, as a 
soldier of the Swiss guard of the Cardinal 
of Bologna. Agostino is trying a nail to see 
if it will hold some mutton he has in his 
left hand. Antonio (a natural son of 
Agostino), called "II Gobbo,'* from his 
deformity, is lifting down a carcase ; and 
the old woman in the background, who 
comes in to buy some meat, is Annibale's 
mother." — Manchester Guardian. 

343 Half-length Figure of St. Sebastian. 


The story of St. Sebastian is very old. 
He was a soldier of Gaul, serving in the 
Roman army, and was secretly a Christian. 
Two of his friends were discovered to be 
of the same faith and were led forth to 
die. They were followed by their aged 
parents, their wives, and their children, 
who entreated them to recant and not to 
leave them desolate and alone. The two 
young men, who had borne tortures without 
waveiing, began to hesitate. Sebastian, 
seeing this, moved forward and spoke to 
them with such eloquence that not only 
were they strengthened, but all who heard 
him were converted — even the guards and 
the judge himself. So, for that time, the 
young men were free. Before long, how- 
ever, they died a cruel death. Then, the 
emperor sent for Sebastian, whom he loved, 
and prayed him to renounce his faith and 
save his life, but Sebastian was firm, and 
he was condemned to be tied to a stake and 


shot at with arrows : the emperor declaring 
to the troops that he died only for his 
faith, "being guilty of no other crime. He 
was left for dead, pierced by many 
arrows; but in the night came the widow 
of one of his friends, who, finding that the 
arrows had pierced no mortal part, took 
him to her house and healed his wounds. 
His friends wanted him to hide for 
fear of the emperor's fury ; but he went 
rather to the steps of his palace, and 
pleaded for the poor Christians, and re- 
proached the emperor with cruelty. The 
emperor was astounded when he recognised 

the man whom he had believed to be dead ; 
but he would not listen. He ordered the 
soldiers to carry him away and beat him to 
death with clubs. 

344 Cleopatra and the Asp Guido 

This is the celebrated Queen of Egypt, 
renowned for her beauty and her wicked- 
ness. Finding she must go to Rome as a 
prisoner, she determined to destroy herself; 
and prevailed upon a peasant to bring her, 
concealed in a basket of figs, an asp, the 
bite of which she knew would produce 


Now cross to the opposite side ot Saloon B 
French pictures. 

524 The Council of Trent (or more proba- 

bly a state trial ) . . . . Gerard Terburg 

525 St. John in the Desert 

Juan de Ribalta, a Spanish painter 

528 The Last Judgment ...Rottenhannner 
Observe the miniature-like painting of 


529 His own Portrait Roelas 

530 Madonna, and St. Elizabeth with 

the Holy Children, Meeting ... do 
These are by a Spanish painter. 

531 Landscape David Teniers 

532 His own Chateau, with 

Portraits of Himself and 
his Three Children .... do 

533 A Guard Room do 

Peter Paul Rubens is the most cele- 
brated master of the Flemish school. His 
two greatest pupils were Van Dyck and 
Snyders. Rubens was bom at Cologne, 
but lived for many years at Antwerp, where 
the summer-house in which he used to sit, 
and a tree which he planted, are still shown 
to travellers. Rubens was a diplomatist as 
well as a painter, and was employed in the 
negotiation of a peace between Spain and 
England. Charles I conferred upon him 
the honour of knighthood. His life was 
remarkably prosperous. Van Dyck, his 
greatest pupil, was also knighted by the 
same king. He died in London. 

53G The Tribute Money Rubens 

540 Children Blowing Bubbles. ... do 

543 The Queen of Bohemia hunting 

Velvet Breughel 

544 Landscape Rubens 

545 Market Scene F. Snyders 

547 Ignatius Loyola a Rubens 

548 Rubens and His Wife do 

These are German, Flemish, and 

550 His own Portrait do 

552 A Village Scene, with Peasants Playing 

Bowls D. Teniers 

565 A Boar Hunt. . . .Rubens and Snyders 
586 Sketch for the Elevation of the Cross 


569 St. Martin Dividing his Cloak with the 

Beggar Rubens 

It seems more probable that this picture 
is by Van Dyck. St. Martin was a Roman 
soldier, and, when quartered at Amiens, 
in France, in the year 332, a.d., he saw a 
poor beggar ha]f-dead with cold. Cutting 
his own cloak in two with his sword, he 
gave half to the beggar. That night in a 
dream he beheld the Lord bearing on his 
shoulders the half of the cloak which had 
been given to the beggar. Jesus said to 
the angels around, " My servant, though 
unbaptised, hath clothed me thus. :, After 
this vision the soldier hastened to be bap- 
tised. He afterwards left the army, 
became a bishop, and is said to have worked 

573 Boar Hunt F. Snyders 

574 Landscape by Sunset Rubens 

575 David with the Elders of Israel 
presenting a thank-offering ... do 

576 The wife, sister, and child of the 
painter do 

579 Queen Tomyris with Head of Cyrus do 
More than 500 years before the birth of 
Christ, Cyrus, king of Persia, made war 
upon the Massagffite. They were defeated 
and their king slain. His widow Tomyris, 
after her son also had been vanquished, put 
herself at the head of the army and routed 
the invaders. Cyrus was killed and the 
barbarous queen ordered that his head 
should be severed from his body, brought 

to her, and put into a vessel of blood. 


581 Storm Landscape Gaspar Poussin 

585 Study of a Man on Horseback VanDyck 
588 The Testament of Eudamidas 

Nicolas Poussin 

504 St. Jerome Van Dyclc 

595 The Magdalen do 

59G Descent from the Cross ...Van Dyclc 
001 View of the Campagna (near Rome) 

Nicolas Poussin 

604 One of the Acts of Mercy 

Sebastian Bourdon 
C05 Snyders, Wife, and Child. . Van Dyclc 

008 Girl with Parrot Jacob Jordaens 

GOO Man and Woman at a Window 


010 Wisdom and Folly Jacob Jordaens 

018 Female with a Guitar Daniel Mytens 


This Vestibule is devoted to the wort 
of the greatest — Murillo. 

Murillo was born at Seville, in 1017.1 
His parents were poor, but related to an j 
artist, in whose school the boy learned 
to paint. He managed, by painting cheap 
pictures to sell in the market, to save 
enough to pay for a journey to Italy. On 
his way he stopped at Madrid, and ventured 
to knock at the door of Velasquez, who 
was then court painter, and high in royal 
favour. Velasquez took the young artist 
to his home. He never went to Italy; 
but, after two years spent at Madrid, re- 
turned to his native town, where he led a 
pious, kindly life. His pictures are emi- 
nently pure and sweet. The faces 
naturally have the Spanish type. His 
Madonnas were probably sketched from 
the peasant women round him. He died 
in consequence of a fall from a scaffold, in 
a church which he was painting at Cadez. 

Is of Spanish painters, and chiefly to those 





St. Augustine and the Infant Saviour 

Head of the Saviour do 

Figures in a Landscape ... Velasquez 

Infant Don Carlos do 

Shepherds crowned, leading a bull do 

Woman Drinking Murillo 

Abraham Entertaining the Angels do 

His own Portrait do 

A Joseph Embracing the Infant 

Saviour do 

The Baptism do 

Infant Christ Sleeping in the 

Arms of St. Joseph do 

Holy Family do 

His own Portrait do 

Madonna in Glory do 

Flight into Egypt do 

St. John and the Pharisees ... da 
The Good Shepherd do 


We have here a few of the later Italian pictures. 

347 Charity Guido Eeni 

354 The Lord of the Vineyard hiring 
Labourers , Bomenico Feti 

357 The Madonna and Child Sassoferrato 

358 A Violin Player Guercino 

361 Salome Eeceiving the Head of John 

the Baptist Guido Reni 

366 The Nativity Luca Giordano 

368 Marriage of St. Catharine Carlo Dolci 
370 The Martyrdom of St. Lawrence 


St. Lawrence was a young martyr of 
Rome, who suffered for his faith in 
Christianity. He was condemned to be 
fastened to a gridiron and laid upon a slow 
fire. All through the torments of this 
horrid death his faith and patience never 

373 An Altar Piece — Virgin and child, with 

Angels and Saints Guercino 

374 The Magdalen in the Desert. .Maratti 

The Italian paintings end here, and it will be better to cross the room and begin 
at the top of the other side. 


French, Flemish, and Spanish Masters. 

648 A Dead Christ Mourned by the Virgin | Claude Lorraine was born in France in 
Van Dyck j 1600. He was the son of poor parents, 


and was apprenticed to a pastry-cook. He 
went afterwards to Rome in search of em- 
ployment, and engaged himself to an artist. 

650 Poetical Landscape... Claude Lorraine 
655 A Seaport, with Trees do 
657 St. Anne Teaching the Virgin to Bead 
Nicolas Maas 
CSS Two Women and Child do 

660 Three Children Van Dyck 

661 King Charles I do 

664 Large Landscape J. Van Artois 

672 A Synagogue Arnould de Gcldcr 

Rembrandt was born near Leyden, in 
Holland, in 1606. He was the son of a 
miller. His pictures are generally remark- 
able for strong central light and very deep 

675 Preaching of St. John in the Wilder- 
ness (unfinished) Rembrandt 

677 An Old Woman (remarkably good) do 
683 Children of Charles I . . /. Van Dyck 

685 His own Portrait at 36 Rembrandt 

687 Jacob's Dream do 

691 Daniel before Nebuchadnezzar do 


723 Landscape Salvator Rosa 

Salyator Bosa was born near Naples, in 


724 Ship in a Storm Van de Velde 

729 Peter the Great.. .Sir Godfrey Kne Her 
Portraits of great men are always inter- 
eating; and we dare say you have read of 
the famous czar who came from Prussia to 
Holland, and worked in a dockyard as a 
common labourer, that he might teach 
his subjects how to build ships. 

730 Musicians Adrian van Ostade] 


755 A Sea Piece Yan de Yelde', 

760 Head of a Bacchante Murillo 

761 Landscape Minder t Hobbema 

763 A Sleeping Female (life size) 

Jan Steen 

764 Man holding a Horse A. Cuyp 

766 A Storm Jacob Ruysdael 

767 W r ood with a Boad through it Hobbema 

771 Landscape Jacob Ruysdael 

773 A Ferry Boat A. van de Xelde 

775 Landscape Salvator Rosa 

777 Mountainous Coast do 

782 Henry de Halmale and Servant 


783 Two Peasants, &c do 

786 Portrait of a Young Lady ... do 
789 Duke Olivarez on Horseback do 

694 Female Portrait (very striking) 

695 Belshazzar's Feast do 

698 Large Landscape do 

699 Landscape Jacob Ruysdael 

Albert Cuyp was born at Dort on the 

Maas in 1605. He excelled in sunny land- 

701 Landscape and Cattle A. Cuyp 

702 A Waterfall Jacob Ruysdael 

703 A Landscape Philip de Koninck 

705 Calm Sea and Shipping Van de Velde 

706 A Stormy Sea J. Ruysdael 

708 View of Bentheim Castle on the Bhine 
J. Ruysdael 

709 A Game Piece Jan Weenix 

710 Nymvegen on the Bhine A. Cuyp 

711 Landscape J. Ruysdael 

712 Large Landscape A. Cuyp 

715 Landscape with Eight Figures 

B. Van der Heist 

718 An Italian Evening Scene,. Jaw Both 

719 Landscape — "The Muleteer" do 
I 721 Ferry Boat View on the Maas A. Cuyp 
[722 Landscape Mindert Hobbema 


734 View in Utrecht Yan der Hey den 

735 Peasants in a Court-yard 
Adrian van Ostadt 

736 Charles L on Horseback ...Vara Dyck 
A very celebrated picture. 

737 Comte Due Olivarez Yclasquez 

This comte was an ambitious aud un- 
principled man, and was minister at the 
time Velasquez was at Madrid. 
741 A Dutch House . . . . Yan der Hey den 

The Figures by Yan de Yelde 
744 A Landscape Salvator Rosa 


790 Standing Figure of St. Francis 

Zurbaran was a Spanish painter, born in 
1598, and is celebrated for his paintings 
of friars. 

791 View of the Campagna, taken from 
Tivoli Paul Brill 

793 The Virgin in Glory Zurbaran 

794 Interior of a Church A. Delorme 

799 Rehearsal of an Italian Comedy 


801 Head of our Saviour Luis de Morales 
803 Jacob Keeping Laban's Sheep 


805 Job and His Friends ...Salvator Rosa 
809 St. Peter Delivered from Prison 

Adam Elzheimer 



The opposite side of the building is devoted to paintings of the English school, 
beginning with the earliest. Before the end of the 17th century, England had given 
birth to no great painters, though several had made this country their place of resi- 
dence. Any one glancing down this northern aisle, must be struck with the wide 
difference between ancient and modern art. Protestantism, among other changes, had 
divorced art from religion. Churches were no longer adorned by paintings, and 
religious subjects were almost abandoned. By degrees men's eyes opened to the 
.glorious beauty of the world around them ; they learned to watch the ever-changing 
sky, the sweeping shadows of the floating clouds upon the meadows ; the gorgeous 
tinting of the autumn leaves ; the dashing of the stormy sea; the quiet shades where 
streamlets glide. They looked back, too, into history, and they found that there were 
scenes of heroism, of horror, of suffering, and of glory, which they could look upon in 
fancy, and show their fellow-men on canvass. England is rich in natural beauty — no 
country more so. She is rich, too, in a glorious past, and richer still in a glorious 
present, when she has hopes and enjoyments for all her children; when railways take 
them out into the fresh pure country ; when the Queen and her nobles lend treasures 
which money could not replace, to tempt the sons of toil from the beerhouse to gaze on 
the master-pieces of art. We can offer to the generous lenders of these pictures no 
thanks so graceful as our worthy appreciation of them, shown by our presence at Old 

Now turn into Saloon D, opposite Saloon C, and begin on the South Wall. 

<8 Westminster Bridge in Progress S. Scott 

7 Old London Bridge do 

10 Portrait of Gay the Poet (author of the 

Beggars' Opera) Yanderbank 

William Hogarth was born in London in 
the year 1697. He was apprenticed to a 
silver plate engraver, and served out his 
time. But lie had too much genius to 
continue in this business, though his 
knowledge of it probably led him to engrave 
bis own pictures, thus increasing the value 
of his prints. Most of his works were 
devoted to ridiculing the vices and follies 
of city life. Though unsparing in bis 
satire, we are told that "as a husband, 
brother, friend, and master, he was kind, 
generous, sincere, and indulgent." 

15 His own Portrait Hogarth 

16 His Wife do 

17 Scene from the Beggars' Opera do 

22 Garrick as Richard III do 

•25 Scene from the Beggars' Opera do 

26 The March of the Guards to Finchley 
This picture represents, in a comic style, 
the citizens of London in expectation of 
the Pretender's arrival in 1745. On his 
southward march, at this time, Prince 
€harlie slept, at a private house off Market- 
street, wh'ch some of you may remember 
as the Palace Inn. It was well, perhaps, 
that the Prince met with strong opposition 
at Derby, and turned back to Scotland; 
for, truly, those guards look little like 

real fighting-men, though we must remem- 
ber that we are looking at the rear, — the 
redcoats in advance have a more soldierly 

30 Captain Thomas Coram 

This portrait, Hogarth says, be painted 
with more pleasure than any other. He 
knew that he was delineating the features 
of a kind and gallant man, the founder of 
the Foundling Hospital, London, — a man 
who made himself poor by making others 

31 Southwark Fair 

In Hogarth's day fairs were very different 
from what they are now. There were then 
fewer shops, and people laid in stocks at one- 
fair to last until the next. The nobility and 
gentry frequented them with their wives 
and daughters ; but in this picture we are 
not introduced to such company, — we see 
countrymen and strolling players. On the 
right a catastrophe seems to have taken 
place, to judge from the falling beams. 
19 View of Rosamond's Pond in St 
James's Park, London 

Look at the curious dresses in Hogarth's 

[n 1713 was born Richard Wilson. He 
was the first English landscape-painter, 
and his works did not sell. He lived in 
great poverty till towards the close of his 
life, when he inherited an estate from his 
' brother. He retired t« his favourite Wales, 

where he spent his last days amid scenes 
which he loved, and ended his troubled life 
in peace. 

Wilson's portrait of himself hangs at the 
bottom of the room. 
167 — 

37 View on the Thames near Marble Hill 
We like this pretty view, with the plea- 
sant walk by the water-side. 
39 View on the Arno 

Wilson spent several years of middle life 
in Italy, and this is a landscape near 

Sir Joshua Reynolds was born 10 years 
later than Wilson. His life affords a 
strong contrast to Wilson's. Like him, 
he was the son of a clergyman, and early 
showed a taste for art. His father, who was 
also a schoolmaster, complained that he 
drew " out of pure idleness ;" but he went 
on nevertheless, till at last a friend and 
neighbour advised that he should be sent 
to study art in London. He afterwards 
went to Italy for the same purpose ; and, 
at the age of twenty-nine, established him- 
self as a portrait painter in London. He 
became the greatest of English portrait- 
painters, and was a rich and prosperous 

48 His own Portrait, in his Robes as 

Doctor of Civil Law 
45 The Captive 

This is a very striking and painful pic- 
ture. Look at the sunken eyes peering for 
light, and the thin cheeks and matted hair. 
52 The Braddyl Eamily 

It is a relief to turn from the last to this 
well to-do lady and gentleman with their 
son, in their old-fashioned dresses. 
56 Girl Sketching 

57a Battle of the Nile Loutlierbourg 

One of Nelson's victories. 
€3 Lady Francis Cole Sir «/. Reynolds 

A lovely child, with a pretty dog. 
€4 The Schoolboy 

How solid and steady he looks. We 
may be sure his lessons are perfect. 
73 Georgian a, Viscountess Althorp and 
her Daughter 

What a pretty mother, and what a sweet 
loving-faced child. 

Before leaving this side of the room 
we must say a few words about Thomas 
Gainsborough, who, while he rivalled Rey- 
nolds in portrait-painting, also excelled in 
landscapes. He was born at Sudbury, in 
Suffolk, and as a boy delighted in sketching 
in the woods about his home. It must 

have been in Suffolk lanes, we feel sure, 
that he saw the pretty groups of children 
that we love to look at in his pictures. He 
married young, and seems to have been 
very happy in domestic life. It is said thati 
"he loved to sit by his wife's side during 
the evenings, and make sketches of what- 
ever occurred to his fancy, all of which he 
threw below the table, save such as werei 
more than commonly happy ; and these 
were preserved, and either finished as! 
sketches, or expanded into paintings." 

70 Landscape Gainsborough 

What a pretty place : look at the distant 
church. Cows, sheep, goats, and lads and 
lassies, all seem unwilling to leave the cool 
shadow of the trees. 

75 Puck Sir J. Reynolds 

Those who have read Shakspere's "Mid- 
summer Night's Dream " will remember 
this little mischief-maker, who sits on a» 
mushroom, with a face so full of drollery 
that it makes us laugh to look at him. 
Hear what Shakspere makes him say : — 

I am that merry wanderer of the night, 
I jest to Oberon and make him smile, 
When I a fat and bean-fed horse beguile, 
Neighing in likeness of a filly foal ; 
And sometimes link 1 in a gossip's bowl, 
In very likeness of a roasted crab ; 
And, when she drinks, against her lips I bob,, 
And on her wither 'd dew-lap pour the ale. 
The wisest aunt, telling the saddest tale, 
Sometimes for three-foot stool roistaketh me ; 
Then slip I from her and down topples she. 

So wrote the poet, and thus painted the 

81 Siege of Gibraltar Wright 

89 Lion and Lioness Stubbs 

91 Horses in a Storm Gilpiri'l 

92 Two Boys and Fighting Dogs 

Gainsborough \ 
How naturally those dogs are struggling. 
We suppose the boy with the stick to be j 
the owner of the defeated dog, and if his ] 
companion did not look very good tern- 
pered, we should fear the battle might be 
carried on by the boys. 

100 Serena Rcmney 

How the little lady is devouring her book:. 
See how the candle wants snuffing — she 
has forgotten it, and it will soon be out. 

102 Hotspur and Glendower Fuseli 

This is another scene from Shakspere. 
You will find it is the first scene in the j 
third act of Henry IV. part I. Hotspur, 
Glendower, and Mortimer are disputing 


about the division of England and Wales 
into three equal parts. 

i 110 Death of Captain Cook Hodges 

You have heard most likely of the cele- 

i brated voyager Captain Cook, a poor York- 
shire boy, who, by courage and industry, 
became a captain, and sailed to the South 

i Seas, where he made many useful disco- 
veries. He was killed by the natives of 

iOwhvee, one of the Sandwich Islands, 

I in 1779. 

Ill Samson and Delilah Big and 

\ 112 The Death of Major Pierson, on the 
Invasion of Jersey by the French 

110 The Battle of the Boyne West 

This battle was fought in 1690, near 
Drogheda, in Ireland. William III. defeat- 
ed his father-in-law, James II. and, to the 
great blessing of England, became firmly 
•seated on the throne. Those who want to 
read an interesting account of William III. 
must get Macaulay's history. 

117 Lafayette in the Dungeon at Olmutz 


The French patriot had been three years 
in this Austrian prison, when his devoted 
wife, just released from a long imprison- 
ment in Paris, obtained an audience of the 
-emperor and implored his release. Finding 
all entreaty useless, she begged leave for 
herself and her two young daughters to 
share his captivity. This favour was 
granted to her, and they remained together 
for twenty months. 

121 Maritana Thomson 

We tremble at the position of this un- 
fortunate family. The man looks so col- 
lected, however, that his shot will, doubt- 
less stretch the iion dead at his feet. 

122 Jael and Sisera Northcote 

124 Age and Infancy Opie 

Opie was a self-taught artist. The son 
of a village carpenter in Cornwall. 

We must say a few words about George 
Morland before we point out his pictures. 
We have never read the history of a sadder 
life than his. He was born in London in 
17C3. When he was a mere child, his 
father made money by his drawings. He 
was kept locked up in a garret that he 
might work harder, indulged with rich food, 
and encouraged by praise and wine. At 
seventeen he left his father's house, and 
started for himself. Except for a short 

interval just after his marriage, his life 
was spent in riot, drunkenness, and debt. 
His pictures were painted to supply imme- 
diate necessities, and are said to have 
amounted to 4,000. He died at the age of 
39, the victim of a mis-spent life. 

127 Gipsy Encampment G. Morland 

Look at the cross-sticks, ready to hang 
the pot over the fire. It is a pleasant place 
for an out-of-doors dinner. 

129 Children Playing at Soldiers 

The little girl with her doll seems not 
willing to join the pretty regiment. She is 
a peaceable, domestic little body. 

137 Landscape P.Nasmytk 

130 African Hospitality G. Morland 

143 Englishman's Eeturn for 

African Hospitality do 

If England had not freed her slaves, we 
should be ashamed to look upon these 

142 Gipsies G. Morland 

Here is another and a nearer peep at 

gipsy life. Look at the donkey. 

149 Yiew of Foundling Hospital ...Wilson 

151 Yiew in Wales do 

153 The Market Cart Gainsborough 

This is a pretty sketchy picture ; full of 

life and spirit. We almost fancy the horse's 

feet must splash into the water. 

155 Mrs. Anderson Pelham Feeding 

Chickens Reynolds 

This is a beautiful portrait of a beautiful 
woman. But, unfortunately, the colours, 
as is very often the case in Reynolds' pic- 
tures, are faded. . 

156 The Blue Boy Gainsborough 

This is a celebrated picture. Reynolds 

and Gainsborough were rival painters, and 
never the best of friends. Sir Joshua did 
not like much blue in a picture, and Gains- 
borough undertook to make it look well. 
You must judge for yourselves how you 
like the colour of the dress, but you must 
find no fault with the boy, with his honest, 
sturdy, truth-telling English face. 

157 Mrs. Graham Gainsborough 

We think the most beautiful face and 

figure that we ever saw on canvass. 

161 The Cottage Door Gainsborough 

A sweet picture, showing a pretty country 
home, with a mother and children of all 


On your left is 


170 Scene in Suffolk P. Nasmyth 

173 The Canterbury Pilgrimage Stothard 
This picture is an illustration of Chau- 
cer's poem. Pilgrimages to the burying 
places of saints are still common on the 
continent, and in Chaucer's day they also 
frequently took place in England. He sup- 
poses himself to have joined a company of 
pilgrims at an inn. They journeyed on 
the next day, accompanied by the host, 
who proposed that they should tell tales 
to beguile the way. The pilgrims were 
various. Among others, a knight, with his 
son, a squire, a yeoman, a nun, a monk, 
a lawyer, a miller, and a priest, of whom 
the poet beautifully says — 
The lore of Christ and his apostles twelve 
He taught, but first he followed it himselve. 

182 Boy and Rabbit Sir H. Raeburn 

183 Miss Farren, Countess of Derby 

Sir T. Lawrence 
A portrait of a Manchester-born beauty, 
by a celebrated artist. 

187 Cathedral Interior D. Roberts 

188 Colonel Blood stealing the Crown 

Jewels , Briggs 

193 Children with a Donkey Gainsborough 

196 Bull, Cow, and Calf J. Ward 

Farmers must judge about the merit of 

these cattle. They hold very high rank in 
the opinion of artists. 

197 The Evening Gun F. Daribi/ 

Observe the quiet of this picture. 

Everything seems sinking to repose ; the- 
sunset glow is beautiful, and we can fancy 
how the deep boom of the cannon has 
just sounded, loud and startling, in the 

201 Two Beggar Boys .... Gainsborough 

201 An Interior Sir E. Landseer 

We like this Scotch cabin, with its happy- 
looking inmates. Look at the fire, how 
it burns ; observe the dried fish hanging 
from the ceiling; and the dog begging for 
that bit of oatcake. The man has had a. 
hard day's work, and will enjoy his supper* 


This room contains the works of living painters, and of those who have died within 
the last few years. Thus, while we say less about the painters, we enter more into their 
works, because the painted thoughts of men, surrounded by the same interests, and 
seeing the same scenes as we do, must have a more vivid interest for us. It is like 
reading the books of our own day, after spelling through the old fashioned writing of 
past times. One remark, however, we must make. It is impossible for any one who* 
hears or reads of art at the present time not to be familiar with the term " Pre- 
Baphaelite," though its meaning is very often misunderstood. The name was one 
chosen by certain earnest artists, and was meant, as we believe, to imply that since the 
time of Raphael, art, by imitating art, had grown false, soulless, and conventional, and 
that a close, loving, earnest appreciation and study of nature could alone restore that 
truthfulness, without which there is no real beauty. These painters spare neither 
time nor labour, and for that reason alone their works would deserve careful and 
unprejudiced attention. The casual observer of the few specimens of this school 
exhibited here will probably be first struck by their peculiar vividness of colour. Let 
him try for a moment to forget the other paintings around him, and recal to mind the 
brightness of objects seen in actual sunlight, and then enter into the details of the 
Pre-Raphaelite pictures. 

207 Scheldt, near Antwerp Sir A. Callcot 
This is a pleasant peep at the river, 

which flows past this old Belgian town. 
You may study the build of the boats, and 
the caps and hats of the women. 

208 Wreck of the Minotaur (a transport 

ship) J. M. W. Turner 

This picture, as indeed all by the same 
artist, will repay any amount of study, for 
this simple reason, that Turner himself 
was tho closest and most untiring student 

of nature that ever lived. We hear that he 
thought nothing of walking twenty or five 
and twenty miles a day, sketch-book in 
hand, stopping every now and then to draw 
whatever struck his fancy. Often he started 
suddenly on a long journey, looking, as he 
always did, more like a farmer than an 
artist, but still for ever drawing. Fishing 
was his favourite amusement. About his- 
private life it seems that there is little 
known. He was singularly reserve^ had 


no near relations, and died at an obscure 
lodghg, near London, under an assumed 
name. The nation to whom he bequeathed 
not hss than 20,000 of his works, laid 
him Reside Sir Joshua Reynolds, in St. 
Paul's Cathedral. 

Thh shipwreck is a dark-looking picture, 
and hangs in a bad light ; but with care 
you wll make it out, and feel the dreadful 
horrors of shipwreck. On the left is the 
great Bulk of the vessel ; its masts are reft 
away, and it is lying on its side, but it is 
crowded with human beings. Look at 
the beats : from one they are holding out 
a spai to a drowning man ; and again 
behind him is another poor soldier, whose 
head only is visible. The sky looks full 
of fury, and the waves are awful even in a 
picture. What are the realities of such 

213 Portrait of Napoleon T. Phillips 

217 Countess of Wilton. . Sir T. Lawrence 

224 Cologne — The Arrival of a Packet 

Boat— Evening J. M. W. Turner 

It is a relief, after looking at the wreck, 
to turn our eyes to this lovely picture. In 
the far distance, on the left, you may make 
out the outline of some beautifully shaped 
hills, called the " Seven Mountains." In 
front of them, appearing on each side of 
the boat, is the bridge that crosses the 
Ehine. It is built of boats, fastened 
together by chains, and covered with 
planks, in order that a portion may at any 
time be floated away, to make a passage for 
steamers or vessels of any kind. At the 
time this picture was painted there seem to 
have been no steamers, as the packet is a 
sail or tow-boat. In the foreground is the 
frame of a net, such as are used on the 
Ehine. The longer you look, the more 
you will see. Observe the pretty gateway 
on the right, the women carrying wood, the 
saw left in the beam, the dog drinking, &c. 

225 The Slave Market W.J. Midler 

228 Sunrise, Mouth of the Thames, with 

Men of War J. M. TV. Turner 

The fishermen look cold, and as if they 
would be glad to see the sun. 

229 Vintage at Macon J. M. W. Turner 

241 Macbeth B. E. Haydon 

^ This large picture is sure to excite atten- 
tion, and we recommend those who do not 
know the play of Shakspere from which 
it is taken to read it at once. We see the 

unfortunate king sleeping peacefully. Lady 
Macbeth is on the stairs, where she says 

He is about it: 
The doors are open ; and the surfeited grooms 
Do mock their charge with snores : I have drugg'd 

their possets, 
That death and nature do contend about them, 
Whether they live or die. 
Macbeth. [Within. J Who's there? — what, ho f 
Lady M. Alack! I am afraid they have awak'd, 
And 'tis not done; — the attempt, and not the deed, 
Confounds us:— Hark! — I laid their daggers ready,. 
He could not miss them. — Had he not resembled 
My father as he slept, I had done it. 

Haydon was the friend of Wilkie, and it 
is pleasant to read of their student days. 
Poor Haydon's later life is so full of disap- 
pointment and irritability, and his self-in- 
flicted death so grievous, that we like to 
quote from his own biography a few words 
about himself and his friends : — " Wilkie," 
he says, " was a pale, retiring, awkward, 
not over-fed student." He had come from 
a Scotch manse to try his fortunes in 
London. In 1806, he painted a picture 
called " The Village Politicians/' and of 
this picture Haydon read in the News, " A 
young man, by the name of Wilkie, has 
produced a very extraordinary work." 11 1 
was in the clouds," he writes, "hurried over 
my breakfast, rushed away, met Jackson, 
who joined me, and we both bolted into 
Wilkie's room. I roared oat, 'Wilkie, my 
boy, your name's in the paper.' " " Is it, 
re-al-ly ?" said David. " I read the puff — 
we huzzaed, and, taking hands, all three- 
danced round the table until we were 
tired." Wilkie received thirty guineas for 
this picture. Hear how he spent part of 
the money : Haydon says, " At last I, as 
his particular friend, received an invitation 
to tea ; and after one of our discussions 
on art, he took me into another room, 
and there lay spread out in glittering tri- 
umph, two new bonnets, two new shawls, 
ribbons and satins, and heaven knows 
what." * * And these were presents for 
the mother and sister in the quiet home- 
in Scotland. 

2U Sketch for Blindman's Buff 

Sir D. Yfilhie 

We shall find the picture further on. 
246 Rustic Hospitality W. Collins 

The children are almost too shy to offer 
the draught to the tired traveller. 

253 River Scene — Fishermen Turner 

Remark the net and the floating corks 
which support it. 


257 Landscape — Barge passing a Lock 

J. Constable 

This painter must have loved showery 
Jays. We see the same weather in all his 
pictures, and there are several here. 

258 Blindman's Buff Sir D. Wilkie 

Now take a long look at this capital 

picture, and you will laugh almost as much 
as if you were one of the players. There's 
the hahy out of the way on the left ; that's 
lucky, for that tumble, chair and all, is 
an awkward affair. There's a good group 
near the fire ; some trick is brewing in the 
head of the hoy with the broom ; and 
there is kissing going on which perhaps it 
is as well the blind man does not see. 

259 Distraining for Bent ...Sir D. Wilkle 
This is a very different subject. Our 

hearts bleed for the poor family, whose 
very bed-clothes are being fingered by the 
bailiffs ; but we hope that the respectable 
old man who is expostulating with them 
will be able to make some arrangement for 
his unfortunate son. He looks well-to-do. 

261 The Artist's Parents ....SirD. Wilkle 
Here they are, the quiet minister and his 

wife, whom the painter loved so much. 

262 The Letter of Introduction 

Sir D. Wilkie 
We cannot help pitying that shy boy in 
the presence of the crabbed-looking old 
man ; and yet we fancy there are traces of 
possible kindness in the comers of the old 
man's mouth. 

265 The Bent Day SirD. Wilkie 

rz.We suspect we can make out from the 
faces those who can pay and those who 
cannot. The man who is coughing will 
certainly plead the excuse of illness ; and 
the poor widow, whose baby plays with the 
key of the house-door, may perhaps beg 
for a little delay. That man at the table 
must be talking of what he has laid out, or 
asking for improvements. The happiest 
group are the farmers on the right, with 
their cold pie and ham, and the expectation 
of something to drink when the butler has 
drawn the cork. They have paid. The 
dog has his eye on a bone. 
206 W'alton Bridge, on the Thames 

J. ill. W. Turner 
271 The Dance (an Eastern Group) 

W. J. Midler 

274 " Guess my Name " ... Sir D. Wilkie 

275 The Card Players do 

278 Italian Landscape . .Sir A. W. Callcot 

279 Buying Fish on the Beach W. Collins 

280 Judgment of Solomon B. Hay don 

The contrasted expressions of the two 
mothers are very striking, and the lead 
child is painfully real. 
281 The Homeric Dance W.Etty 

William Etty was the son of a ginger- 
bread maker, at York, and was an ajpren- 
tice in a printing office. But nothing could 
subdue his wish to be an artist. His 
painting of human flesh is considerec finer 
than that of any other English artist 
283 Turk enjoying his Siesta. .Borrngton 

The gentleman seems very comfortable. 
Look at his turban and long pipe. 
200 The Sphinx W. J. miller 

This great stone head, so large :hat a 
man can sit on the wrinkle of its chin, 
stands, and has stood for ages, in the 
great desert of Egypt. Why or Low it 
came there, history does not say. The 
pyramids are also to be seen in this picture. 
294 Sun rising through Vapour ...Turner 

Look at this picture till you see all the 
beautiful faint distance. Mark the bit of 
the pier, the fish lying on the beach, the 
shrimper, &c. 

296 Prayers in the Desert. . W, S. Muller 

297 Falls of Schaffhausen J M.W.Turner 
A wonderful picture of a wonderful 

waterfall. It is situated higher up on the 
same river, the Bhine, which we noticed, 
No. 224. 

299 Boulevard at Paris W. Collins 

The climate of Paris allows so much 

out-of-door enjoyment, that the streets are 
much gayer than our own. People sit 
about at the doors, taking their wine_ or 
coffee, and you never walk far without seeing 
piles of wooden chairs, similar to those 
in the Art Treasures Building. 

300 The Dead Bird W. Collins 

The favourite is dead. One party are 
digging its little grave, while the others 
seem about to cover it with flowers. 

301 Entry of Charles Stuart into Edinburgh 

T. Duncan 

Here is bonnie Prince Charlie in his 
prosperous days, with lovely women and 
handsome men to bid him welcome. 

302 The Baggage Waggon... IF. J. Muller 

309 Welsh Landecape do 

312 The Irish Wedding P. Goodall 

The bride and bridegroom seem to be 
dancing a jig together. 
316 Interior of an Italian Osteria Cope 

This is an inn. The two Englishmen 
on the left clo not seem to understand how 
much they have to pay for their dinner. 
We see their carriage waiting at the door. 


The groups on the right are knocking I 
glasses together in the foreign fashion of i 
driving healths. The little girl is asking j 
for ponev for the musicians. 

320 IThe Merry-making W. P. Frithl 

Those two girls evidently want grand- 
papa to join the country dance. Look 
at tlfe fortune-telling gipsy. 

323 View of Oneglia... E.1V. Cooke 

A town on the north coast of Italy. 

Observe the palm tree. 

324 The Salute E. W. Cooke 

A 3hurch at Venice. 

328 The Playground T. Webster 

Wpat a merry scene. Tops, foot-ball, 
and marbles. On the left, a papa and 
mamma are just arrived. On the right, the 
fruit woman waits for customers. We fancy 
the big boy is persuading the little one to 
buy the pear and give him half. 

330 Pilgrims in Sight of Rome 

Sir C. L. Eastlake 

331 " There's Life in the Old Dog yet" 

Sir E. Landseer 
The man is shouting these words to some 
one above. The stags have fallen over, 
and the dog has either jumped or fallen 
after them. The man has been lowered by 
a rope to look for his favourite. 

332 The Glen at Eve M. Anthony 

Do not pass by this picture till you feel 

you understand the beauty of the sunset 
hour in such a place. 

334 The Rubber T. Webster 

337 Dignity and Impudence 

Sir E. Landseer 

338 Passing Cloud J. C. Hook 

Let us hope this passing cloud, like 

lovers' quarrels in general, will be the 
renewing of love. 

340 Neapolitan Picture T. TJwins 

341 Jacob and Rachel W. Dyce 

343 Passage of the Magra C.Stanfield 

The Magra is a river of North Italy. 
Look at the snow-tipped mountains. 
345 The Shepherd's Grave Sir E. Landseer 

The poor dog is seeking in vain for its 
master, who, as the unfinished inscription 
tells us, must be newly dead. 

347 The Barber's Shop W. Mulready 

349 Joan of Arc at the Stake W. Etty 

Most of you have heard of the peasant 
maid who led the French armies to victory 
against English invaders, in the reign of 
Henry VI. She fell into the power of her 
enemies, and, in spite of her youth and her 
bravery, was cruelly burned to death, in 

i 350 The Slide T. Webster 

What a famous tumble one over another. 
I One lad is crying, but the rest enjoy it. 
How cold the children look who are not at 
! play. Observe the church and street, the 
boy warming his hands, and the loose bits 
of ice. 

352 The Village Choir T. Webster 

353 Dartmouth (A town in Devonshire) 
C. Stan field 

355 The Forgotten Word Mulready 

356 " Train up a Child in the Way he 
should go" Mulreadij 

359 Christ Weeping over Jerusalem 

Sir C. L. Eastlake 
36G The Jung Frau, from the Ascent of the 

Wergern Alp J. D. Harding 

The Jung Frau, or Virgin, is one of the- 
highest of the Alps, and is of a beautiful 
form. Its sides are very steep, and it has 
been very rarely ascended. It is covered 
with perpetual snow. Observe the gla- 
cier stretching into the valley on the 
right. There are few things more wonder- 
ful than to go from cornfields and shady 
pine woods, under a burning sun, straight 
into the caverns of these glaciers. You 
may walk in several feet, and above your 
head and within reach of either hand is ice. 
Or you may mount on to the top and step 
from block to block, and look down into 
great deep chasms of the same cold, 
slippery ice. 

368 Baby's Turn C.W. Cope 

371 Death of Chatterton H. Wallis 

You will generally find a crowd round 
this wonderful picture, but you must not 
pass on without seeing it, nevertheless. It 
is a very sad one. Poor Thomas Chatterton 
was born at Bristol, in November, 1752. 
He died by his own aet, in August, 1770,. 
before he had completed his eighteenth 
year. His father died before his birth, 
and all his education was received at a 
charity school. He was a boy of remarkable 
genius, and our hearts bleed when we think 
what he might have become under differ- 
ent circumstances. There is a hymn be- 
ginning thus, 

H Almighty Framer of the skies, 
O let our pure devotion rise 
Like incense in thy sight!" 

which he wrote at the age of eleven. At 
fourteen he was put apprentice to an 
attorney, and, though his situation seems 
to have been very irksome to him, he had 
time to prosecute his studies. These 


were poetry, antiquities, and heraldry. He 
roamed about the town drawing its eld 
churches, and anything quaint or ancient 
that struck his eye. He must have 
peopled it, in his fancy, with the people of 
old days, as he lay musing in the meadows. 
There seems to have been a strange want of 
truthfulness, or rather, perhaps, love of 
Tfleception, in the boy ; resulting, in part it 
may be, from defective early training, and 
in part also from his over-excited imagina 
tion. He had studied old-fashioned 
English till he could write it fluently ; and, 
when a new bridge was opened at Bristol, 
he sent to a newspaper an account of the 
opening of the old one with friars passing 
over it, which, he said, was taken from an 
ancient manuscript. He went on from one 
forgery to another: to one man he pre- 
sented a poem said to have been written by 
an ancestor 450 years before ; to a religious 
-citizen of Bristol he sent a pretended frag- 
ment of an ancient sermon ; to an author 
writing about painting, he forwarded a 
history of the ancient painters of Bristol, 
and so on. These forgeries were so clever 
that people were quite puzzled by them, 
and still more sa by poems which he alleged 
that he had discovered among parchments 
that had been found in chests deposited in 
•an old church of which his uncle had the 
•care. Strange as these statements were, it 
seemed almost more impossible that such 
poems should have been written by a boy. 
After serving three years in the attorney's 
office, Chatterton went to London. He 
expected to support himself by his pen, but, 
full of genius as he was, he could not earn 
his bread by writing. He wrote to his 
mother and sister, whom he tenderly loved, 
accounts of prosperity and fame, while he 
was starving in a miserable garret. He was 
very proud, poor boy ; and even the day 
before his death he refused to accept a 
-dinner offered to him by his pitying land- 
lady. At length he despaired — he tore up 
all his papers, and took poison. Look out 
at the window of his dreary lodging: see 
faow the faint light of dawn is breaking on 
St. Paul's and the great silent city. Look 
at the candle just gone out, the blunted 
pen, the torn papers, the emptied phial of 
poison, the poor dead boy, on the wretched 
bed, speaking of the poverty which his gay 
dress would fain have hidden, and say was 
<*ver a sad story more sadly told. 

#77 St. Michael's Mount G. Stanfield 

(A. rock off the coast of Normandy.) 

378. Scene from Henry VIII leslie 

Here we see the unfortunate Cathtrine, 
the divorced wife of Henry VIII. She is 
communicating her last wishes, messages 
to the faithless king to take care of her 

"And a little 
To love her, for her mother's sake that loved 

Heaven knows how dearly. My neit poor 

Is that his noble grace would have some pity 
Upon my wretchedwomen, that so Ion* 
Have followed both my fortunes faithfilly.** 

We recommend you to read the play. 

379 The Catspaw Sir E. Landseer 

Poor unfortunate cat. What a clever 

plan of the monkey's to save his own 

380 The Eivals Leslie 

The lady is saucy, and is making her 

older and stouter lover ridiculous in the 
eyes of the young one. He will have much 
ado to reach that fan. 
386 A Stage Coach Adventure Frith 

How very unpleasant. Look at the 
quaker hiding his pocket-book. The old 
lady is giving up her purse, which, by the 
way, appears very empty. The military 
gentleman does not look over brave. 
391 The Dogs of St. Bernard 

Sir E. Landseer 

On one of the high mountains of Swit- 
zerland, St. Bernard, is a hospital where 
monks dwell. People who travel for plea- 
sure in summer are received there, and 
have bed and board. In the winter the 
mountain is passed only by those who 
travel from necessity ; and these poor peo- 
ple are often overtaken by storms of snow, 
when they lose the track, and, wearied and 
benumbed, fall into a sleep, which ends in 
death. The monks devote themselves to 
rescuing such travellers. Their dogs are 
admirably trained, and go out to search 
among the snow. They have a flask of 
spirit tied to their necks, in case the poor 
victims should not be quite senseless, and 
be able to take the restorative. When the 
dogs find a man, they howl and bark to 
summon the monks. If human care can 
save these travellers, they are saved; but 
sometimes it is too late; and there are 
often bodies kept for months waiting for 
recognition, the cold preserving them from 


393 Passing Showers T. Crcswick 

The horseman is riding hard, in hopes 
of shelter. 

304 Trial of a Witch W. P. Frith 

Time was when many old women were 
thought to be witches, and were held ac- 
countable for the illness and various other 
evils which befel the young and pretty. If 
his worship sees clearly, he may perchance* 
think the girl's pale face is due to the 
young man instead of the old woman. 

397 The Forest Portal R. Redgrave 

0J8 Peter the Great's First Interview with 

Catharine A. L. Egg 

That pretty peasant on the left was soon 
to be Empress of all the Russias. 

; 402 Children of the Mist.. Sir E. Landseer 
stOO Burd Helen W. L. Windus 

This picture is taken from an old ballad. 
The poor girl, disguised as a page, has 
followed her cruel lover over- all that stony 
tract behind them. Her breath fails her, 
for his horse's walk is swift, and she knows 
not how to cross the water, yet there is no 
sign of help or pity in his face. 
404 The Pet of the Common Horsley 

Poor little donkey ; it will soon be too 
big to be handled so. Its mother scarcely 

407 Shoeing Sir E. Landseer 

You may fancy yourselves in a forge as 

you look at this capital picture. 

408 The Tight Shoe Richter 


On your left is 

413 Cobbett's Register H. Liverseege 

This picture is by a Manchester artist, 
who died very young. There is a good 
deal of power in the head of the cobbler, 
who, having a turn for politics, has put 
down his work and his pipe, and taken out 
his glasses to readthe news. 

415 Durham Cathedral Glover 

Durham is one of the most strikingly 
situated of our cathedral towns. It is built 
on several hills by the side of the river 
Wear. Remark the sun-beams on the 
church, town, and river. 

422 The Seventh Plague J. Martin 

All Martin's works have a strange ori- 
ginality about them, and are remarkable 
for their power of expressing space and 
distance. In this, note also the clouds and 
general colouring. 

423 The Recruit H. Liverseege 

424 The Hireling Shepherd ..IF. LI. Hunt 
We like a picture that tells a story, and 

makes us think of it as of a scene in life 
just caught in passing. So we take an 
interest in the shepherdess who, with her 
Iamb upon her knee, has fallen asleep, 
and let the sheep stray into the corn. You 
can just see their heads peeping above it. 
Some one has seen them. Is it the farmer's 
son, who has been watching the reapers ? 
Be he who he may, he has not awaked her 
in anger, though he has tried to startle her 
with that death's head moth : a kiss will 
set all right. Look at the detail of this 
wonderful painting, — at the ears of corn, 

U L E IV. 

the flowers, birds, apples, and, above all, 

the effect of sun and heat. 

420 Reading the Bible in the Crypt of Old 

St. Paul's G. Harvey 

Remark the eager attention of the 

427 Italian Peasants Hurlstone 

Look at these happy faces : they are 

going to have a feast of maccaroni, the 
favourite food of the peasants in a great 
part of Italy. The dog looks as if he 
hopes to have some also. 

428 Punch E. Davis 

Who has not looked at Punch? Some 

(of this group have seen him before, and 
others are all wonder. Look at the peeper : 
he wants to find out the secrets under the 
green baize. The dog belonging to the 
show is snarling defiance at a stranger. 
431 The Forester's Family 

Sir E. Landseer 
Observe the beautiful forms of the deer, 
and the reality of their graceful motion. 

433 The Prosperous Days of Job. ..Dobson 

434 Rome, from Mont Janiculum 

David Roberts 
Rome, the city of seven hills, was once 
the mistress of the world. She is great in 
her ruin, and wonderfully beautiful beneath 
the glorious blue of Italian skies. Look 
how the setting sun lights up the trees 
and tops of the houses. 

435 Stag at Bay Sir E. Landseer 

443 Venice J. Holland 

Here is another Italian city — Titian's 
home. Look at the watery streets. 


445 The Infant Samuel J. Sant 

447 The Smile T. Webster 

452 The Frown do 

453 Arrest of a Peasant Royalist, in Brit- 

tany (France) F. Goodall 

454 The Obstinate Juryman. G. B. O'Neill 

456 Sunrise off the Isle of Arran (Scot- 

land) J. Danby 

457 Cranmer at the Traitor's Gate 

F. Goodall 

459 Halt on the Fells J.S. Cooper 

460 Death of Foscari (Doge of Venice) 

Picker sgill 

463 Loch Awe (a lake in Scotland) 


464 Charlotte Corday led to Execution 

E. M. Ward 

Charlotte Corday was one of the remark- 
able women of the first French Revolu- 
tion. She meditated on the sad state of 
her country in her quiet home till it seem- 
ed to her that she was called upon to free 
France from at least one tyrant. She went 
to Paris, sought access to Marat, and stab- 
bed him. She made no attempt at escape. 
Look at her pinioned arms, and face of 
defiant courage, as she goes torth to the 
guillotine. The man in blue is Robespierre. 
You can see the cart waiting to carry her to 
the place of execution. 
467 Lake and Mountains . . . . T. Creswick 
470 Two Gentlemen of Verona W. H. Hunt 

This picture is taken from the play of 
Shakspere. A slight outline of the tale 
will help those who have not read it to 
understand the picture. Valentine and 
Proteus were friends in Verona. Valentine 
went to Milan to seek honour at the court, 
Proteus remained behind for love of Julia. 
Valentine won the affection of the Duke's 
daughter Silvia, and the lovers planned an 
elopement. At this time Proteus also 
came to Milan and was warmly welcomed 
by his friend, who confided to him his 
plans. Proteus, enamoured by the beauty 
of Silvia, betrayed the plot to her father, 
hoping to win her himself. Valentine was 
banished, and joined some outlaws in the 
forest. Julia hearing of her lover's faith- 
lessness came in disguise and hired her- 
self to him as a page. Silvia, to avoid a 
marriage with Thurio, planned by her 
father, escaped from her palace under pro- 
tection of her friend Sir E glamour. They 

ON F. 

were attacked by outlaws and separated. 
To her horror she is lescued by Proteus, 
whom she dreads and despises, and who 
has come in pursuit of her with his page. 
Valentine steps forward, and the picture 
shows us Silvia nestling beside him in an 
attitude beautifully expressive of terror 
just passed and trustful confidence in 
her lover's protection. Proteus, bitterly 
ashamed, kneels down to sue for pardon, 
Julia leaning against the tree with a face 
full of various emotions, sorrow, joy, shame, 
amusement, and affection, is drawing from 
her finger a ring which Proteus gave to 
her at parting, and which will reveal her 
to him. 

475 Crossing the Brook J.Linnell 

476 Letter from the Colonies. ..T. Webster 
How many such letters come to England 

now-a-days, and with what beating hearts 
they are opened. Observe the anxious 
looks of the old people and the joyful face 
of the girl. Between them all, the postman 

has to wait for his money. 

478 The Lacemaker Mrs. Carpenter 

479 Italian Peasants Williams 

481 The Last Gleam J. Linnell 

482 Children going to School Webster 

483 Battle of Roveredo (Tyrol) C. Stanfield 
This town belonged to the Venetians 
until the year 1509, when it was taken by 
the Emperor Maximilian, grandfather of 
Charles V. The picture will repay close 
examination. Observe the army crossing 
the bridge and winding down to the river. - 
Remark the fallen horse, and, on the right, 
the monks praying for the dying and sue- ■ 
couring the wounded ; also, the man load- 
ing his gun. 

487 Children Returning from School 


488 Strayed Sheep W.H.Hunt 

This requires study. Observe the shadows 

of the trees upon the cliff, the steamer on 
the horizon, the wool of the sheep, and 
look at the whole till you feel you would 
like to lie and bask on the grass. 
490 Palace of the Caesars in the 19th cen- 
tury Hurlstonc 

"Where Roman emperors dwelt in state, 
we now see peasant children playing cards. 

492 The Lauch Smith 

495 Carrying Home the Deer 

Sir E. Landseer 


407 Sleeping Bloodhound Sir E. Landseer I strewed in their path, and music enlivens 
499 Port on the Maas (the birth-place of the scene. The poet Dante is in the 

Cuyp) C. Stanfield 

500 The Novice Elmore 

A novice means a nun who has entered 
a convent, but not taken the final vows. 
This young girl looks not yet reconciled to 
her new life. She is telling her beads, but 
at the same time listening to the noises 
in the street beiow. 

504 The Abandoned C. Stanfield 

That hulk looks desolation itself, drift- 
ing on the rough waves, under the stormy 
sky. Not a living object is in sight. 

50G Genoa J. B. Pyne 

A seaport of North Italy. Who would 
not like to be there ? Look at its many 
tinted houses and glorious hills, and the 
deep blue Mediterranean. 
510 Tyndal Translating the Bible 


Tyndal's translation of the New Testa- 
ment, published in 1525, was the first 
portion of the Scriptures printed in 

514 Drawing for the Militia. . John Philip 
Here's a motley group. That man is 

under height, or pretends to be; but those 
legs are not quite straight. Observe the 
doctor in the corner. That rollicking 
youth who is flourishing his stick has got 
* off. Were his legs crooked too ? 

515 An Incident in the Plague of London 

A. Christie 

When the plague raged in London, in 
the year 1665, the city was almost deserted. 
The mayor and aldermen, however, cou- 
rageously resolved to remain, and made 
what regulations they could devise to 
diminish the danger of infection. Among 
others, every house where the illness ap- 
peared was ordered to be marked with a 
red cross, and the words, "Lord have 
mercy upon me!"' This poor man has 
returned to his home to see the dreadful 
sign. He has covered his face with his 
hands in agony, and fears to open the 

519 Whittinston Newcnliam 

extreme right hand corner. 

521 The Arctic Council G. Pearce 

Discussing the plan of search for Sir J. 


522 The Ghost Scene in Macbeth 


We saw in Haydon's picture Macbeth 
about to commit his first crime; and here 
we see him after the commission of many, 
haunted by the terrors of remorse. He 
is at a feast, but when he seeks his chair, 
he sees the ghost of murdered Banquo 
take his place. The painter has indi- 
cated this ghost by a shadow ; but, as it 
was visible only to Macbeth, we confess we 
wish he had left it out and shown us his 
perception of it only by his terror. It is 
in the 4th scene of the third act, and we 
most earnestly recommend all who have 
not read this play to read it at once. 
526 Pepys' Introduction to Nell Gwynne 

Nell Gwynne was a celebrated beauty in 
the reign of Charles II. Pepys' diary is 
an excellent picture of the manners of the 

5-32 An Italian Mother and Child Stanley 

534 Snap Apple Night Maelise 

Here is an Irish festival. Look at the 

group bobbing for apples in the water, 
and the others behind. If that man 
misses the apple, he may catch the flame. 
This picture is full of Irish humour. 
What is that scene at the fire place? 
The old lady, too, who is telling fortunes 
with cards, should look behind her. Ob- 
serve the musicians, and the tamborine at 
the window. 

535 Giralda Seville (Spain) ... D. Roberts 
A line old bit of Moorish architecture. 

538 A Venetian Festa P. M'Innes 

541 St. Stephen's Church, Vienna 

G. Jones 

542 Melancthon's First Misgivings 

G. Lance 

Melancthon was the chosen friend of 
Luther, and, like him, abandoned monastic 
life to labour in the cause of the Beforma- 

520 Procession of Cimabue Leighton] tion. 

. This represents the procession con- 1 543 Autumn Leaves Millais 

veying the picture of Cimabue from his 544 Breakwater, Plymouth F. P. Lee 

house to the church. So many people ; 545 The Sacking of a Jew's House 
came to see it that the district where he C. Landseer 
lived got the name of the " gay quarter." 547 The Lesson of Mercy. . . . W. J. Grant 
The painter, robed in white, and crowned j The boys have been pelting the poor 
with laurel, leads the young Giotto, his pedlar and his son with stones, 
adopted son, by the hand. Flowers are 548 Over the Sands Creswick 



549 The Madrigal J.C. Horsley 

550 The Awakened Conscience 

W. H. Hunt 

There is no picture here more striking 
than this, and none so painful. It tells its 
own tale ; look at the finger of the poor 
girl, where there is no symbol of the mar- 
riage tie. Everything about her is new 
and gaudy — but mark her clenched hands, 
and the tears which have started, but are 
too big to fall. Some memory of home and 
innocence has entered her mind. We turn 
in disgust from her protector, we see the 
gathering anger in his face, and know that 
he will become her tyrant. There is no 
touch of sanctity about the room ; it is a 
relief to look away from it to the poorest 
cottage home. As a painting it is marvel- 
lous. See how the garden is reflected in 
the mirror, observe the light on the table, 
the music, the work, the soiled glove and 
dirtied boot, and the cat playing with the 

551 The Saint Shop T. Uwins 

553 Chapel at Florence, Italy ... W. West 

554 Christ Washing Peter's Feet 

F. M. Brown 

556 Morning in Autumn ...J. Linnell, Jun 
Look at this exquisite landscape till you 

feel its beauty. The sky is very lovely. 

557 Lady Jane Grey and Roger Ascham 

J. G. Horsley 

Lady Jane Grey is here represented as 
she was found by the great scholar Roger 
Ascham, reading Plato instead of joining 
her family in the hunt. We are sad, look 
ing on her sweet young face, to remember 
that having been induced by the persua 
sions of relatives to accept the crown of 
England, bequeathed to her by her cousin 
Edward VI., both she and her young 
husband perished on the scaffold. 
560 Martyrdom of Lawrence Saunders 

G. W. Cope 

The tale is well told. The wife seeks 
admittance with her infant to the prison of 
the martyr. The centre shows that it has 
been denied her, though the warden has 
taken the child to have a last kiss from its 
father. On the right we see him on the 
way to the stake — waich stands ready piled. 
Two friars are by his side. He looks calm 
and resigned, though worn and pale, and 
we feel assured his faith will endure to the 

563 Episode in the Happier Days of 
Charles I F. Goodall 

This monarch, as you will remember, 
perished on the scaffold. We see him here . 
with his family, enjoying a summer's day 
upon the Thames, then a clear stream 
with many a gay barge. 

565 Claudio and Isabella ,.....TF. H. Hunt 
A scene from Shakspere's " Measure for 
Measure." The face of Isabella is won- 
derful for its mixed expression of surprise, 
affection, and horror. You must read the 
play to understand it. 
506 Autumn Landscape, Sunset 

J". Linnell, J ttnr. 
Another lovely scene. We long to ramble 
among those ferns. 

570 Portrait of William Fairbairn 
Sir J. W. Gordon 

571 Agua Fresca (Fresh Water) J. Philip 
This is the Spanish peasants' way of 


573 The Andalusian Letter Writer 

John Philip 

This man has taken his place near the 
post, office, and writes or reads letters for 
those who cannot write or read their own. 
It is a pity he is deaf: the girl has to shout 
what she wants to say ; and that little boy, 
whose mother has just received a letter, is- 
listening as hard as he can. 

574 Bidassoa „G. Stanfield 

ft 75 A Roman Christening ... P. Williams 

577 Italian Banditti Rippingille 

578 Lake of Zurich F. Danly 

579 Fitting out Moses for the Fair Maclise 
Those who have ever read the Vicar of 

Wakefield will remember how the "dis- 
creet bey," Moses, was sent to the fair 
carefully smartened to sell the colt and 
buy a horse. How he returned without 
the expected horse, having sold the colt 
for £o 5s. 2d. and "laid it out in a bar- 
gain," namely, " a gross of green spectacles 
with silver rims and shagreen cases." The 
silver rims alone were to sell for "double 
the money," and Moses was triumphant 
till his father pronounced them not worth 
sixpence, being "only copper varnished 
over.'' He then saw that he had fallen an 
easy victim to a reverend-looking man — a 
sh arper. 

580 Portrait of Lord John Russell F. Grant 

583 Returning from Labour ... R. Ansdell 

584 Sheepfold — Evening J. Linnell 

585 Moses' Return from the Fair Maclise 

586 Draughts — Black to Move ... Hemslcy 
The young ones have puzzled that wise- 
looking face. 

£88 Interior of Seville Cathedral, Spain 

D. Roberts 

590 The Quarries of Syracuse. . . .E. Lear 
Look at the distant city and the hlue sea. 

591 The Author's Reception by the Players. 

D. Mac Use 

592 Naomi and her Daughter-in-law 

11. O'Neill 

593 Sir Colin Campbell H. W. Phillip* 

&04 Jlustic Anglers E. Nicoll 

597 Louis XVI. and Marie Antoinette in 

the Temple E. M. Ward 

The unfortunate royal family of France 
are here to be seen in prison. The king 
sleeps while his wife and her sister sit 
working. The poor young prince, who 

! died in confinement, is playing with his 
! shuttlecock ; his sister is putting flowers 

in water, and longing, no doubt, for the 
! fresh air where they grew. Three out of 
| that party, the king, the queen, and her 

sister, perished on the scaffold. 

000 Philip II. conferring Knighthood on 

Velasquez A. J. Herbert 

We told you that Velasquez went to the 
court of Spain. He was painting his own 
portrait, and the king was interested in its 
'progress. When it was nearly completed, 
Philip remarked that it wanted one thing 
more, and, taking the brush, he made the 

1 sign of knighthood on the breast. You 
| may see the portrait reflected in the 
[ mirror, with the red cross. 

You must by this time be tired of looking at pictures, so take a turn in the nave, 
and examine the sculpture. This is all named. After you have seen this, go up the 
stairs on your left, and look, in passing, at the following pictures — 

601 Interior of a Highland Cottage Wilkie. 

603 The Water Carriers R. Dadd 

606 View of Rotterdam, Holland... Callcott. 

<ilO Spring J. Linnell, Jun. 

Be careful not to omit this, which hangs 
close to the door leading into Saloon D. It 
is true to the loveliness of nature in every 
detail. Look at the springing corn, the 
shadows of the hedgerow, the path where 
it seems you might really walk among the 
briars, at the peep of water, the blue dis- 
tance, and the young leaflets. 

The Country Post Office E. V. Rippingille 
6;}~) Franciscan Friars at Service ... Granet 

6:>9 Landing Fish C. Troyon. 

€50 NapoleonCrossing the Alps P.deldRoche 
662 Landscape and Cattle ...Rosa Bonheur 

669 View of Nice, Italy W. Wyld 

671 Market Scene by Candlelight 

P. van, Schendel 
076 The Emigrant's Farewell . . Tidemand. 
U78 The Queen of Hungary Distributing 

Alms De Keyset 

680 Christ Teaching Humility AryScheffer 

After a few minutes' enjoyment of the 
open window, and of the fine view of the 
building, go down the other staircase, and 
notice, as you pass, some pictures by Cana- 
letto, an Italian artist born at Venice in 
1697. He lived a good deal in London. 
S24 View on the Thames from Richmond 

Gardens Canal etto. 

827 Piazza di San Marco Venice do 
831 View of Whitehall, London do 
800 View of Venice, with the Landing of 
an Ambassador Canaletto. 

Our space does not allow us to enumerate 
the contents of the cases; but you will find on 
the South side glass, enamels, English porce- 
lain, alabaster, medallions, cameos, Oriental 

porcelain, metal work, precious metals, sculp- 
tures in bronze and wood, carvings in ivory, 
armour, and arms; and, agaui9t the wall, 
coffers, coins, articles of furniture, &c. 

On the North side: silver and gold plate, 
miniatures. Weapons of war : the celebrated 
collection of M. Soulages, a deceased French 
gentleman, which has been bought by the 
executive committee, and the government 
contributions from the British Museum 
and Marlborough House. There is a large 
specimen of beautiful mosaic on this side, 
which you must not overlook. 

Look at the tapestry as you pass it, and 
observe the suits of armour which were worn 
by men and horses, and were a very good 
protection against the weapons which were 
in use before the invention of gunpowder. 

Now, if your eyes are rested, turn into 
Saloon H, which is opposite Saloon A. 

On your right hand are some picture? 
belonging to the Marquis of Hertford, of 
which notice the following. Facing you is 

14 The Unjust Steward Rembrandt 

31 The Migration of Jacob A. van de Wilde 

1 Adoration of the Shepherds Murillo 

10 Portrait Kelasmiez. 

20 Holy Family Andrea del ISarto 

21 The Rainbow Landscape Rubens. 

This is a very celebrated picture. 

22 Holy Family, with St. Joseph 

and St. Elizabeth do 

19 Nelly O'Brien Sir J. Reynolds. 

18 The Strawberry Girl ... Ditto. 

On the screen. 
44 Camp Scene Horace Verncl. 

This must be in Algeria. 
40 Mother and Child Paul del la Roche 

The greater part of ihe pictures in the 
other half of the room, are butch, and are 


very amusing, from their accurate painting, 
and expression of broad humour. 

935 The Village School JanSteen. 

952 The Artist and his Wife in a Studio. 


053 Garden Scene Hooge. 

960 Girl and Dove do 

961 A little Girl with Lap-Dog Greuze. 

991 Group of Peasants Berchem. 

997 Scene in front of a Stable. Paul Potter. 

Observe the boy running off with the pups. 
1005 Cattle on the Banks of a River. Cuyp. 

1017 Winter Scene Schellincks. 

1024 A Country Party Van Tilburg. 

1031 A Village Festival D. Tenia's. 

On the screen. 

1049 Parental Advice Gerard Terbnrg. 

1050 Lace-Maker at Work N. Maas. 

1054 An Old Woman Peeling Onions Teniers 

1057 A Chandler's Shop Van Mieres. 

1064 Girl Tickling a Sleeping Cavalier with 

a Feather Ochterveldt. 

1068 A Drinking Party D Teniers. 

1075 A Young Woman Cleaning a Saucepan. 

Gerard Doia. 


Water colour painting has been carried to great perfection in the last few years. As it 
is almost peculiarly, an English style of painting, the exhibition enables us to trace 
it through its stages of development. 

The earliest specimens are in the small room which you first come to, after crossing 
the long room from the Hertford collection. 

On your left as you enter are the very earliest. These are by Dutch artists. Notice 

] 12 Calais Francia. 

108 Gipsey Tent Atkinson. 

139 The Aged Falconer Liverseege. 

169 View in Holland S Austin. 

180 Phantom Ship J. S. Cotman. 

142 London Bridge Robson. 

174 Sheep in a Lane J. Constable. 

182 Broadstairs Chambers. 

168 Cologne on the Rhine Austin. 

207 The Watery Waste J. Varley. 

209 Hampstead Heath do 

201 Italian Landscape, Tivoli . . . .Barrett. 

136 Venice Boninaton. 

220 Trent in the Tyrol Callcot. 

250 Boats Drying Nets Cristall. 

244 Ripon Minster Nicholson. 

211 Bridge at Beddgelert Varley. 

215 Ruins of Baalbec, Syria Call cot. 

218 View in Sicily do 

la A Girl Leaning over a Gate. Rembrandt. 

Paul Sandby, born 1725, is the first of 
English water-colour painters. Bear in 
mind his hard outlines showing through the 
faint washes of colour in his works, and 
compare them with those of later artists. 
23 Windsor Castle from Eton. . W. Sandby. 

30 Pembroke Castle do 

48 Windsor Castle J. Cozens. 

43 Cattle in a Pool T. Gainsborough. 

67 Irish Village T. Giriin. 

69 St. Asaph Cathedral do. 

70 Cottages near Norwich do 

105 Isle of Wight Ibbetson. 

97 Suburbs of a Chinese City . .Alexander. 

98 Carisbrook Castle do 

Charles I was a prisoner here. 

109 Loch Lomond, Scotland... iJ. Williams 
138 Oxford High Street A. Pug in. 


232 AtXanthus Midler. 

242 Camels, Smyrna do 

185 Grace Before Meat Sir D. Wtlkie. 

187 Winnowing Corn Wilkie. 

231 My Room— Macri Midler. 

A sea-port of Asia Minor. 

255 Coast Scene....* W. Collins* 

240 Tombs in Syria Muller. 


249 Highlanders near Inverary . . Cristall. 

25 1 The Well at Inverary do 

176 Travellers at an Inn Clennell. 

247 Judgment of Solomon Haydn 

89 Quarrelling at Cards Heaphy. 

91 Stealing the Tarts do 


In the next small room are 84 of Turner's wonderful water colours, among which are 
the first which he exhibited and his last drawing. The early ones are merely done in 
blue and brown, for Turner was then mastering outline and the principles of light 
and shade. 

290 Ruins of Malmesbury Abbey ...Turner. 

First -exhibited drawing. 
303 South Porch of Lincoln Cathedral Do. 
297 Tintern Abbey Do, 

301 Browsholme Hall. Lancashire...2Vr/ier 

341 Scene in Wales Do. 

308 Bridge at Abergavenny Do. 

311 Mont Blanc from Aosta Do. 

k 27 

This is an exquisite drawing. We have 
never seen the height of a mountain so well 

323 Edinburgh Turner. 

310 Old Castle in Yorkshire Do. 

j 316 Temple of Minerva, Cape Colonna Do. 
307 First Steamer on the Thames . . Do. 

350 Poole, Dorsetshire Do. 

320 Vesuvius in Repose Do. 

319 Vesuvius in Eruption Do. 

336 Lancaster Do. 

359 Florence Do. 

150 Arundel Castle Do. 

3-15 Tamworth Castle Do. 

346 Elv Cathedral Do. 

' 352 Eddy stone Lighthouse Do. 

356 Dover from the Sea Do. 

302 Colosseum at Verona, North Italy: ruin 
of a place where Roman gladiators 
fought Turner . 

366 Cathedral, Milan do. 

371 Tours (France) do. 

3 W0 An Alpine Pass do. 

His last drawing. 

387a Shipwreck off St. Michael's Mount. 


387b Gibraltar do. 

394 Stonehenge— Sunset C. Fielding.'] 

402 Sea View — Loch Fyne .... do. 

408a Helvellyn do. 

283 Venice S. Prout. 

288 Do do. 

293 Tomb of the Scaligers, Verona do. 
294c Canal Scene do. 


•408 Shore Scene, Bembiidge, Tsle of Wight 
C Fielding. 

02 4a The Last In Mulreadij. 

624b Choosing the Wedding Gown do. 

391 Ben Cmachan C. Fielding. 

392 Pilot Boat Do. 

405 The Ferry Do. 

024 The First Voyage Mulready. 


281 Vale of Rocks Dadd. 

283 Artist's Halt in the Desert do 

269 Neath Abbey, S. Wales Dewint. 

267 Lincoln Cathedral do. 

268 Snow Scene do. 

276 Falls of the Turnmell Nesfield. 

271 Blackfriars Bridge Dewint 

264 Hay Barge on Canal do. 


The numbers begin on the right hand side 

423 Saturday Night Absolon. 

424 Sunday Morning do. 

428 Joan of Arc in Prison do. 

438 View in Ghent T. Boys. 

444 Peasants Waiting for Confession Burton 

456 Monk's Dining Hall Caltermole. 

476 The Drug Market, Constanti- 
nople Gilbert. 

479 Bazaar, Batchi Serai, Crimea . Bossoli. 

487 Crossing Lancaster Sands . . ...D. Cox. 

488 On the Wye do. 

490 Junction of the Severn with theWye do. 

491 Chat Moss Besom Makers do. 

496 Welsh Funeral do. 

David Cox is still living. His works have 
great poetic beauty, and we feel in looking 
at them how much he must have loved nature 
as she appears in our beautiful island. 
498 Italian Peasant C. Haag. 

502 Tyrolese Bride do. ' 

503 Friar collecting Alms do. 

504 The Royali Family Ascend- 

ing Lochnagar, Scotland .. do. 

505 Evening Scene at Balmoral ... do. 
•506 The Courtship of Quentyn 

Matsys Kearney. 

Observe the picture which the young man 
has been occupied with, and which the old 

of the door leading to Eastern Court. 

man is criticising. It is the celebrated 
" Misers." 

510 Interior of Brewer's Hall, 

Antwerp L. Haghe. 

513 St. Peters Day at Rome do. 

514 Interior of Hall at Bruges . . do. 

521 Preparing for the Soiree W. Hunt. 

522 The Ballad Singer do. 

526 The Attack do. 

527 The Defeat.... do. 

529 Too Hot do. 

531 Devotion do. 

533 Grapes, Peaches, &c do. 

536 Too much Play do. 

537 Too much Work do. 

539 Good Dog do. 

541 Grandfather's Boots do. 

543 Fruit| do. 

544 Stable Boy do. 

We scarcely know which to admire most, 

the tempting fruit which this artist paints, or, 
the dear natural boys and girls. 

554 View in Madeira Hildebrandt. 

555 Plantain Tree in Madeira... do. 

557 Alexandria (Egypt) do. 

558 French Fisherman and Fish do. 
571a Scene from Auld Robin 

Gray Miss M. Gillies. 


677 On the Coast near Marseilles. Harding. 

584 Felling Timber W. Evans. 

587 View of Eton College do. 

§89 to 592' Flowers & Fruit V.Bartholomew 

596 Glen Tilt W.Bennett. 

598 River Scene in Westmoreland W.Hull. 
60*2 Church and Village among 

Pines Branivhite. 

GOo Sunset— Winter do. 

611 A Bay, Isle of Arran H. Cook. 

612 Temple of Jupiter, Athens ... do. 

614 The Hop Gatherers Fatey. 

6-25 Interior of Crewe Hail /. Nash. 

631 Windsor Castle tfo. 

Goo SpekeHall, Lancashire do. 

638 Frank Encampment — an Englishman 

travelling in the Desert. .J. F. Lewis. 

This picture is very wonderful for its mi- 
nute detail. Remark the look of heat and 
the excessive clearness of the air. Look at 
the distant tent, the camels, the dead birds; 
the coffee which is preparing, the pipe, the 
books, newspapers, letters, &c. The artist 
has lived so long in Egypt, that we may be 
sure the scene is accurate, and can almost 
fancy that we too have rested in a tent, under 
a broiling Egyptian sun. 

639 Camels in the Desert J. F. Lewis. 

641 Roman Pilgrims at a Shrine do. 

646 Murillo Painting the Virgin do. 

647 Easter Day at Rome do. 

655 The Happy Time T.J. Jenkins. 

66© Hopes and" Fears do. 

These two pictures show the inside and 
outside of a cottage ; the wife is praying for 
her absent soldier-husband, and he, just 
returned, is looking in at the window to see 
if she is safe and well. When the door is 
©pened there will be an end to the fears. 

065 Exeter W. Callow. 

668 Street in Caen, Normandy do. 

670 The Emigrant Ship Callow. 

672 Homeward Bound do. 

674 " Dou't Wake the Child". . ..Landgren. 

675 Girl at a Well Oakley. 

678 Leaving the Fair do. 

681 Italian Image Boy do. 

707c Amain Broekedon. 

710 Lake Maggiore, North Italy Pyne. 

712 The Drachenfels, on the Rhine . . do. 
714 Heidelberg, Germany do. 

726 Sketch in South of Franee . . Johnson. 

727 The Little Culprit Miss Criddle* 

730 Constantinople and the Golden Horn 

Collingwood Smith. 

734 Gaya (Upper Egypt) .. David Rohcrts. 

735 Tower of London do. 

737 Cordova, ) c j„ 

738 Burgos, I S P am *>. 

742 Bull Fight, Seville do. 

743 Approach of the Simoon or Sand Stoma, 

746 Great Square, Cadiz, Spain. 

David Roberts. 

752 View in Antwerp do. 

755 Summit of Mount Sinai ... do. 

758 Petra, looking South .... do. 

759 Calvary, Jerusalem do. 

760 Jerusalem from Mount of Olives do. 

764 Sidon — Lebanon in the distance do. 

765 Site of Canaan in Galilee do. 

768 The Dead Sea, looking towards Moab. 

769 Bethlehem do. 

770 Ascent to Mount Smai do. 

Remark the exquisite clearness in the 
works of this artist. 

774 Keswick Lake Penlev.. 

782 The Grandfather's Visit ...F. Goodall. 

786 Grandfather's Watch W. Goodall. 

789 Entrance to Dover Harbour. E. W. Cooke 
793 Sea Coast, N. Devon. H.E.Richardson. 

798 Loch Katrine, Scotland T. M. do. 

799 Returning from the Moors .. do. 
800—801 Lake of Como (Italy) . . do. 

817 to 822 Cattle .T.S. Cooper. 

825 London from Blackheath. . J. Holland. 

829 Autumn Afternoon C. Davidson. 

832 Haymaking do. 

833a Corn Field do. 

835 The Old Bridge, Lyons, France Stan field 

839 Portsmouth Harbour do. 

844 Sea View— Teneriffe do. 

817 Laudech, Tyrol do. 

Look specially at the sea, in the painting 
of which Stanfield excels. 

852 Group saved from Ship- 
wreck A. Scheff'er. 

854. Near Birchennal, Tyrol Gastineau. 

857 Crossing the Ford E.Duncan. 

858 Gathering Seaweed— Douglas Bay do. 

859 Sands at Calais do. 

872 Weighing the Deer F. Tayler. 

877 Festival of the Popinjay do. 

884 Hanging up the Game ... . do. 

887 Irish Peasants Topham* 

889 Welsh Cabin do. 

896 Spanish Mendicants do. 

897 " Guagers are Coming " do. 

897a Reading the Bible do. 

897b Spanish Gipsies do. 

898 The Spring Poole. 

900 Crossing the Heath do. 

901 A Bit of Fun do. 

906 View from Shanklin Down, Isle of 

Wight W. Turner, of Oxford. 

909 Fall of Sebastopol Simpson. 

909a Burning of Do, Brierley. 

911 Sunday Morning W. Lee. 

913 Grace Frost. 

915 Barmouth Sand Jackson. 

916 Sea Piece do- 

917 Bay of Naples Vaeher. 

919 Mount Etna (Sicily) do. 

922c Turkish Bazaar, Cairo Dillon* 


conceal it on that one condition. Shall they 
accept it or risk the trial? 

9 I ! IVninly Wood, Windsor Wlclieto. 

955 Mosque at Algiers Wyl(L 

957 Milan Cathedral do* 

This cathedral is built of white marble. 

958 Boro' Bridge Fripp. 

960 On the Edge of Durdham Down, 
near Bristol do. 

96 1 A Showery Day do, 

963 Lake of Geneva do. 

907 Temple of Neptune, at Poestum, 

Italy Glenn u 

You can pass from the Water Colour Gallery to the Oriental Museum. The objects exhi- 
bited here are from. India and China. There are mats and rugs for sitting and sleeping 
on, silk and woollen carpets, embroiderings, carvings, paintings by native artists, jewel- 
lery, furniture, &c, all of which will well repay examination. 

You have still the Portraits to see. We can only indicate a few. The numbers begin on 


9*23 Eel Pots Shcvpard. 

924 Caxton's Printing Press in Westminster 

Abbey Wehnert. 

Caxton learned the art of printing in Hol- 
land, and iv 1474, produced, at Westminster, 
*' The Game of Chess," which was the first 
book ever printed in England. 
939 The Momentous Question.. & &otcher. 

The question is whether to save his life 
the man will give up to his rival the maiden 
before him. The rival has evidence against 
him in some latal poaching affray, and will 

1 Henry IV Unknown. 

2 Henry VI do. 

4 John Wy cliff do. 

This portrait is very interesting. WyclkT 

was the first Reformer. He died the year 
after Luther was born. He made the first 
translation of the Bible into English. Be- 
fore his time it was always read in Latin. 

5 Edward IV Unknown. 

7 Richard III do. 

10, 11, 11a Anne Boleyn do. 

Three pictures of one of the unfortunate 
wives of Henry VIII. and mother of Queen 
Elizabeth. She was beheaded. 

15 Richard II Unknown. 

16 Queen Katherine Parr Holbein. 

18 Queen Elizabeth Zucchera. 

25 Mary, Queen of Scots Unknown. 

27 Sir Walter Raleigh Zucchero. 

28 Lady Raleigh do. 

Sir Walter was one of the celebrated cour- 

tiers of Queen Elizabeth. He made several 
voyages to America, and is said to have 
introduced potatoes and tobacco from that 
country into England. 

48 King Henry VIII Holbein. 

49 Cardinal Wolsey Unknot'. n. 

54 Edward VI Holbein. 

59 Queen Mary Lucas do Heere* 

63, 64, 65, Queen Elizabeth Mark Garrard. 
80 King James I Unknown. 

85 William Shakespeare (the Chandos 
Portrait) do. 

We need scarcely tell you to look at 
Shakespere, universally acknowledged as 
the greatest poet the world has ever seen. 

86 Ben Jonson Unknown. 

95 Inigo Jones Vandyck. 

116 King Charles I. his Queen and 

Familv do. 

130 Oliver Cromwell Walker* 

151 Admiral Blake do. 


182 King Charles II Lely. 

195 King William HI. # Kneller. 

196 Queen Mary, his wife do. 

197 Nell Gwynn Lely. 

208 King James II > do. 

220 Mary of Modena, his queen . 3 Verelst. 

222 Sir Isaac Newton Kneller. 

Sir Isaac was the greatest natural philoso- 
pher who ever lived. He was born in Lin- 
colnshire in 1642. 

223 John Locke do. 

224 Samuel Pepys Hales 

229c Sir C. Wren, Architect of St. 

Paul's Kneller. 

230 Queen Anne Closterman. 

236 George II Vanderbank. 

238 Handel do. 

212 The Great Duke ofMarlboroughifttil/er 

257 The Young Pretender Copley. 

265 John Dry den Kneller 

268 Sir Richard Steele do. 

269 Joseph Addison do. 

272 Dean Swift E.Jervas 

^73 Alexander Pope Kneller 

281 The Great Lord Chatham Hoare 

288 George III Sir J. Reynolds... 

304 Samuel Johnson T. Gainsborough. 

317 Robert Burns A. Nasmyth. 

323 Dr. John Dal ton Allen. 

329 Sir Walter Scott Sir H. Raeburn. 

330 Lord Byron 2\ Phillips. 

331 George Crabbe do. 

332 Robert Southey do. 

333 S. T. Coleridge do. 

336 Samuel Rogers S. Lawrence. 

337 John Keats. /. Severn, 



We tliink it better to occupy the space which we have gained by the new arrangement 
of our pages, with some hints about the contents of the Gallery, rather than about 
those of the cases, simply because they are less easily entered into without a guide. 
We do not in the least mean to undervalue the specimens of ornamental art : on the 
contrary, we particularly wish that they should be looked at and thought about by the 
working man. We earnestly desire to see beauty of form and colour studied in the 
commonest utensils and appliances of our daily life. It is impossible to tell how a 
man's mind is benefitted by what pleases his eye and ear; how indirectly, though con- 
stantly the objects by which he is surrounded, affect his character and happiness. In 
nature utility is everywhere veiled in beauty. Look, for example, at a field of corn, 
how exquisite it is in its first tender green, how beautiful in the sturdy uprightness of 
its half-growth — how lovely in' the graceful waving of its ripe golden ears. Surely it 
were worth man's while to have a pretty plate to put it on, when, after many changes, 
it has become his most valuable food. It is worth his while, too, to have bright clear 
windows, to let the gorgeous sunbeams in — and pretty furniture to mingle with the 
forms and faces of his household group. It is easy and pleasant, with taste and care, 
to adorn the homeliest home. 

Now go up the north staircase nearest to the organ, and after passing a few pho- 
tographs you will reach the drawings by the old masters in face of the railings. These 
are interesting, as being the first thoughts for their paintings. They were chiefly 
sketched with chalk, or with a pen and ink, or washed in with a brush; and you will 
see how much is told by a few strokes. We can only point out a few by masters 
whose names you will recognize. 

7 Birth of the "Virgin Ghirlandajo 

12 Two Draped Figures Lorenzo di Credi 
16 Study for a Figure in the last 

Judgment Michael Angelo 

19 Virgin and Child . . Leonardo da Vinci 

1 The Virgin en throne dGandenzio Ferrari 

46 Head of the Madonna Raphael 

47 Portrait of his Sister . . do 

51 The Entombment do 

52 An Undraped Figure ........ Masaccio 

08 Brow of a Hill and distant Town Titian 

75 Abraham's Sacrifice . ... do 

81 Six Peasants dancing do 

87 Arch of Constantine, Rome . .Canaletto 

01 Venice do 

101 Front of St. Mark's Church, 

Venice Canaletto 

103 Boy Scattering Flowers .... Coreggio 
110 Three Females Running . Parmegiano 

120 Two Figures Seated Giorgione 

123 Head of a Girl Guido Reni 

129 Christ on the Cross Murillo 

136 A Lady followed by Death Albert Burer 

139 Portrait of his Wife Rubens 

147 A Large Tree Vandych 

154 Cottages and Mill Rembrandt 

1 57 Cattle Crossing a Bridge Guyp 

173 to 233 are all by Claude 

250 Road through a W T ood. .Gainsborough 
254 The Farmer's Return Hogarth 


Now turn round the Screen. Until you reach the window you have line 
engravings on each side. Afterwards wood engravings on your right. The process 
of engraving is said to have been accidentally discovered at Florence about the year 
1400 by Tomaso Finiguerra. Lines, or rather very tiny grooves are made in a copper 
plate with a sharp instrument called a burin, to represent the required design. These 
lines, you will observe, are far apart where light is wanted, close together and much 
crossed where shade is required. They have all to be filled with ink, and the 
remaining flat surface of the plate has to be made quite clean. This can only be 
done by rubbing with the palm of the hand, and very slow and tedious work it is. 
When no ink remains, except in the grooves, the paper is pressed upon the plate, and 
receives the marks of all the incised lines. The newer the plate the more valuable 
the engraving. In early times artists were their own engravers — now that is very 
rarely the case. Woodcuts are done from blocks prepared in a directly opposite way — 
the objects to be engraved are left raised, and the rest of the surface is cut away. 
Gradations of light and shade are not so easily attainable, but the impressions often 
exhibit great force and clearness. 


arranged in order of time. 
4 Adoration of the MagiTomasoFiniguerra 

31 The Saviour Baccio Baldini 

53 The Entombment ... Andrea Mantcgna 
57 The Scourging of Christ do. 
62 Baptism of the Saviour Jerome Mocetto 
60 St. George and the Dragon 

The Master of 1446 

74 Flight into Egypt Schbngauer 

70 Christ Bearing his Cross ... do 
83 Six of the Wise and Foolish 

Virgins do 

100 The Organ Player... Israel von Mecken 
J 01 The Card Players .. do 

114 The Prodigal Son Albert Durer 

122 St. Jerome in his Cell ... do. 

124 Melancholy do. 

127 The Knight of Death ... do. 

145 A Battle Piece Alart du Hameel 

153 Cain and Abel Bobetta 

15G Man seated by a Palm Tree 

Benedetto Montagna 

164 St. Sebastian Nicolleto da Modena 

179 Jesus and the Woman of Samaria 

Guilio Campagnola 
18S The Presentation in the Temple 

Dominic Campagnola 

194 Holy Family Francesco Francia 

202 to 272 are by Marc Antonio Baimondi, 

a friend and pupil of Raphael 
273 Delilah Cutting Samson's Hair 

on this side are numbered 1 to 760, and are 

278 Return of the Prodigal Son 

Lucas V. Leyden 

279 The Milk worn an Dominic Campagnola 

289 Ananias Struck Dead 

Angustin Veneziano 

290 Elymas Struck Blind do. 
310 Noah coming from the Ark 

J. Bonasonc 
324 Michael Angelo .... do 
343 Christ calling St. Peter and St. Andrew 
Dirk van Staren 
356 The Virgin Lifting the Veil... G Ghisi 

370 The Fishermen Adam Ghisi 

437 The Virgin and St. Joseph L. Caracci 
441 St. Jerome (unfinished) 

Agostino Caracci 

445 Portrait of Titian do. 

450 The Virgin with the Shell 

Annibale Carracci 

455 Rheims Cathedral N.Deson 

462 The Master Pieces of Goltzius 
480 Lot and his Daughters Leaving 

Sodom Vorsterman 

487 Lion Hunt (after Rubens) P. Soutman 
503 The Pancake Woman. ... (7. Visscher 
510 The Backgammon Player. J. Visscher 

615 to 628 are by . . , W. Hogarth 

633 to 658 are by J. G. Wille 

669 to 689 are by Sir B. Strange 

719 to 741 are by .... Baphael Morghen* 

Lucas V. Leyden. 
The WOOD ENGRAVINGS are numbered from 1345 to 1459. 

1347 Early Playing Cards... French Artists 
1349 St. John Writing his Gospel... f Old) 

1351 Hunting the Deer L Cranach 

1354 St. Francis receiving the Stigmata 

Early Italian 

1360 TheMiraculousDraught UgoduCarpi 
1367 David and Goliah do 

1374 Head of Christ AlbertDitrer 

' 1377 Life of the Virgin do 

1378 Triumphal Arch do 

1379 Triumphal Car. do 

1385 A man ploughing' Titian 

1388 Landscape with goats do 

1394 The Triumph of Truth Titian 

1405 The Beautiful Gate ( after 

Raphael) Andreani 

1408 Murder of the Innocents . . do 

1411 The Dance of Death Holbein 

1427 Christ Washing the Disciples' 

Feet J. Stella 

1437 to 1440 are by ,..T. Bewick 

1444 The Irish Cabin G. Williams 

1445 The Deaf Post Boy do 
1456 Country Churchyard Mason Jackson 

1458 The Dancing Lesson ( after E. 
M. Ward ) Mason Jackson 

1459 A Selection E. Dalzell 

1390 Old women going to Market do 

There are a few LITHOGRAPHS, numbered from 1460 to H75, hung above 
the stairs by which you came up. Lithography was invented by a German not very- 
many years ago. A soft stone is drawn upon with some greasy mixture, and then 
washed with an acid which cuts away all the parts not covered by the compound, so 
that the design is left raised. Coloured lithographs are being daily improved, and the 
art seems likely to reach great perfection. Specimens are exhibited on the opposite 
side of the gallery. 

There is great variety and beauty in the photographs, and they will repay exam- 
ination as vou pass them, on each side the organ. You will come then to 

The LATER LINE ENGRAVINGS, numbered from 761 to 935, with many of 
which the shop windows will have made you familiar. 

The ETCHINGS and MEZZOTINTS begin near the Grand Staircase, on the 
South Side. 

The process of etching somewhat resembles that of lithography, except that the 
rlesign is incised instead of raised. The metal plate is covered with varnish, through 
which the artist draws his design with a fine needle. Aqua fortis is then poured on 
the plate, and acting only on the uncovered metal, corrodes it, and thus the design is 
deepened. The lines are very delicate, and the method rapid. In mezzo-tint 
engravings, flat shadows are substituted for crossed lines, and are produced by scraping 
portions of the plate with varied force. In the present day the different styles of 
engraving are united in the same plate, as you will observe in the works of Thomas 
Landseer for instance. 

ETCHINGS —Numbered from 941 to 1183. 

941 The Man of Sorrows ...... .A. Durer 

943 Holy Family do 

945 Christ in the Garden do 

950 The Watering Place Cixude 

951 Storm on a Wooded Coast. ... do 
1380 The Dance under the Trees. . do 
902 Seaport and Lighthouse .... do 

979 The Ecce Homo ... Vandych 

1)80 Himself do 

1)88 St. Francis Murillo 

995 Himself Rembrandt 

1000* The Sabre Print do. 

1004 The Flight into Egypt... do. 
1000 Resurrection of Lazarus. do. 
1007 Christ Healing the Sick. do. 
1010 Descent from the Cross. do. 

1032 Cottage with White Pales do. 

1033 Rembrandt's Mill do. 

His birth-place 

1041 The Gold Weigher do. 

1052 Antwerp Cathedral W. Hollar 

1070 Mary, Queen Of Scots ... do 

1077 Cows A. Cuyp 

1084 The Laughing Peasants, van Ostade 
1086 The Laughing Smoker do 
1094 Singers at a Window. . do 

1096 The Fishers A. van Ostade 

1100 The Blessing do 

1110 The Meal do 

1112 Six Landscapes A. Waterloo 

1115 Four Views in Italy . .H. S wane welt 

1118 The White Horse P. Potter 

1119 The Cowherd do. 

1123 The Bagpiper N. Berg hem 

1129 The Village Festival C. Du Sart 

1130 The Hamlet A. H. V. Boom 

1136 Herdsman and Three Oxen 

C. Du Jar din 
1144 Cottage and Wooden Bridge 

J. Ruisdael 
1146 The Travellers do. 

1149 The Ford J. Both 

1150 Shipping B. Zeeman 

1155 Sheep and Cows J. H. Boos 

1156 The Shepherdess do. 

1158 The Two Lovers ,..C. Bega. 

1160 The Alehouse do. 

1178 Twelve Etchings of Animals 

Sir E. Landseer 

1179 Etchings by Oruikshank 

1180 The Early Ploughman .. S. Palmer 
1182 The Suliote Woman A. Scheffer 


1190 Little St. Christopher... Jo fa* Thomas 
1192 The Standard Bearer Prince Rupert 
1194 Head of St. Jerome ... do 
1216 Infant Hercules (after Reynolds) 


1232 Oliver Goldsmith ( after Reynolds ) 


1 2 ; 4 Dr. Johnson (after Reynolds) Do uglily 

1268 Via Mala J. M. W. Turner 

1272 Entrance to Calais Harbour do 

1276 Leaders Marine do 

1280 The Fifth Plague of Egypt. do 

1288 Source of Arveiron do 

3290 Raglan Castle do 

1291 Mer de Glace, Sea of Ice, 

Switzerland do 

Numbered from 1184 to 1344. 

1295 Stonehenge J. M. W. Turner 

1296 Dumbarton ., do 

1297 Basle do 

1319 The Order of Release (after Millais) 


1320 The Infant Samuel (after Sant) do 
1330 Children of the Mist, after 

Sir E. Landseer T. Landseer 

1335 Lord Ellesmere Atkinson 

1336 Christ Bearing his Cross (after 
Schelfer) Eikens 

1338 The Magdalen do. do. 

1339 Refreshment (after Sir E. Landseer) 


1342 Expostulation (after Stone) S.Bellin 

1343 The Salutation (after Eastlake) do 

Look at the frames of MINIATURES and ENAMELS as you descend- 
now, farewell.